The herb layer is usually well developed (>35% cover), and is a variable mixture of forbs, graminoids, and ferns. * Note: These ash trees are susceptible to the Emerald Ash Borer Beetle and should be used as a part of a planting program that includes a range of other tree species. These are fast-growing trees and shrubs, so they can be used to help fill in a landscape and provide shade sooner than other species. Genus: Alnus. Genus name is the Latin name for alder. are found in the Betulaceae (birch family). They are often found along stream edges and wet meadows where they can form vast thickets. (Plant Finder) Found Online: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=277838&isprofile=1&basic=Alnus%20incana, The Morton Arboretum. Speckled alder trees growing in the wild look a lot like shrubs. Rugosa means wrinkled in reference to sunken veins on lower leaf surfaces. Alnus incana subsp. Breitung, thinleaf alder [120,167,179,192,355] European gray alder, Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. Speckled alder occurs primarily at higher elevations in areas that are cool and wet. Early spring flowers are interesting, but not really showy. Hardiness Zone: 2 … In addition, speckled alder trees usually grow with multiple slender stems like bushes. The speckled alder is monoecious meaning male and female flowers are borne separately on the same plant. Newfoundland and northeastern Quebec, south to Lake Erie, westward to central British Columbia, and northern Yukon. d. seed. The leaf is somewhat pointed. Other common names: Gray Alder, Hoary Alder, Tag Alder French names: Aulne rugueux Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Alders Distinctive features: Shrub; Prominent lenticels (speckles) scattered all over the bark. Speckled Alder is a common, large, multi-stemmed wetland shrub, often forming dense thickets from root suckering as well as a process called “layering”, where low branches take root then detach from the mother plant and grow independently. Height: . Scientific Name:. French name: Aulne rugueux. Alnus incana ssp. This publication made possible through a grant from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. tenuifolia (Nutt.) rugosa (Du Roi) R.T. Clausen – speckled alder : Subspecies: Alnus incana ssp. French name: Aulne à feuilles minces Synonym(s): Thinleaf alder Taxonomic Serial Number: 181889 19477 [syn. SPECKLED ALDER - ALNUS INCANA Common Name: . Upper side and underside of a Green Alder leaf. Will tolerate wet sites that experience occasional flooding as well as dry sites. Grows well in moist, well-drained soils. To file a complaint alleging discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, AD-3027, found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html , or at any USDA office or write a letter addressed to USDA and provided in the letter all of the information requested in the form. Underside of the same leaf. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Division: Pteridophyta – Ferns Class: Filicopsida Order: Polypodiales Family Can be used in the urban setting in residential or park settings and under powerlines. It can be thicket-forming and provides erosion control along watercourses in the mountains. Speckled alder is most typical, but rarely mountain alder or smooth alder may predominate. systems) synergistically improved plant performance rugosa (Du Rois) Clausen . Submit your completed form or letter to USDA by: (1) mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20250- 9410; (2) fax: (202) 690-7442; or (3) email: program. rugosa), hazel alder (A. serrulata), and green alder (A. viridis). leaf serations. [49,55]. Scientific Name Common Name Alnus incana ssp. Speckled Alder Information. Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests, Upper surface wrinkled, veins deeply impressed, Blunt, stalked, with 2 or 3 scales that meet along their edges, Pollen catkins 1–2.5 cm in winter, 5–8 cm at pollination, Mature seed catkins ovoid to globular, short-stalked, Reddish-brown with conspicuous horizontal orange lenticels, Moist sites such as stream banks and swamps, Often mixed with black spruce or eastern white-cedar. b. pollen cone.c. Common Name(s): Grey alder, speckled alder Scientific Name: Alnus incana Distribution: Native to Central Europe; various subspecies are also found in temperate regions of North America and Asia Average Dried Weight: 29.2 lbs/ft 3 (465 kg/m 3) Janka Hardness: 770 lb f (3,410 N) * *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Comments: Grey alder is closely related to … Printrepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. (Alnus incana) Found Online: https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/shrub/speckled-alder, Missouri Botanical Garden. It often forms very dense thickets around wetlands and streams. Breit. Width: . Similar species: • European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) - leaves are roundish and indented at the tips. Scientific Name: Family : Betulaceae. rugosa (Du Roi) J. Clausen. More information about Tag Alder may be found here.. The currently accepted scientific name for speckled alder is Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. Species : incana. Speckled alder is adapted to a wide variety of soils and is valuable for erosion control along waterways and in disturbed areas. tenuifolia (Nutt.) [email protected]. Canker can be severe and powdery mildew and leaf curl may appear. French names: Aulne rugueux. Leaves are alternate and simple 1" to 4" in length, egg-shaped with acuminate tips. Speckled alder is a smaller tree that is appropriate for planting under power lines. The upper surface of leaves are dark green while the lower surface is dull green and hairy, especially along the veins. Almost all of them are deciduous. Insects and diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests. This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries. Speckled alder grows throughout Wisconsin in wet soils and full sun to very light shade. The genus comprises about 35 species of monoecious trees and shrubs, a few reaching a large size, distributed throughout the north temperate zone with a few species extending into Central America, as well as the northern and southern Andes. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication for program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language, etc.) Scientific Name: Alnus incana ssp. This publication made possible through a grant from the USDA Forest Service. Alder trees and shrubs (Alnus spp.) (Trees & Plants) Found Online: https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/speckled-alder, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Look-alikes: Black alder is related to and somewhat similar in appearance to three species that are native to parts of the Great Lakes region: speckled alder (A. incana subsp. No serious insect or disease problems are known. Alders fix nitrogen and thus serve as nutrient-giving pioneers in reclamation projects. List of Alder Tree Species Names; Botanical Tree Name Common Tree Name; Alnus acuminata : Andean Alder : Alnus cordata : Italian Alder : Alnus cremastogyne: Long Peduncled Alder: Alnus firma : Kyūshū : Alnus formosana : Formosan Alder, Formosa Alder: Alnus fruticosa : Siberian Alder: Alnus glutinosa : Black Alder, European Alder, Common Alder: Alnus incana : Grey Alder Synonym (s): Gray alder , hoary alder , tag alder. It is also found in or adjacent to sedge meadows, shrub carr and swamps, along streams and in roadside ditches. Alnus incana, the grey alder or speckled alder, is a species of alder with a wide range across the cooler parts of the Northern Hemisphere.Alnus incana, the grey alder or speckled alder, is a species of alder with a wide range across the cooler parts of the Northern Hemisphere. tenuifolia Nutt. Crispa Green Alder Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Juneberry; Western Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis Shadblow Serviceberry Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokecherry Aronia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Since variation in the subspecies is continuous rather than discrete, gray alder subspecies are s… 19475 [syn. Urban Forestry Outreach, Research & Extension, Common Name: speckled alderScientific Name: Family: BetulaceaeGenus: AlnusSpecies: incanaHardiness Zone: 2 to 6Height: 15 to 25 ftWidth: 15 to 25 ft. Speckled alder is most often seen in a multi-trunked form to 15-25' tall with a broad-rounded irregular crown. tenuifolia a. branchlet bearing seed cones. Alnus incana. A. rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng.] Often used as a thicket for erosion control. The leaf is not double-toothed like those of Speckled Alder (Alnus incana). Family: . Speckled alder is most often seen in a multi-trunked form to 15-25' tall with a broad-rounded irregular crown. Genus: . Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Alders. A fast-growing and flood-tolerant species that is short-lived, rarely exceeding 40 years. Latin name: Alnus incana ssp. Taxonomic Serial Number: 181888. They are formed in clusters called catkins, blooming in very early spring before leaves emerge. Species: . Description. To request a copy of the complaint form, call (866) 632-9992. The edges are coarsely doubly toothed with shallow lobes. Additionally, program information is also available in languages other than English. Twigs finely pubescent with blunt or rounded winter buds. • Green Alder (Alnus viridis) - leaves are not double-toothed. Common Name: speckled alder. Specific epithet means gray or hoary in reference to leaf color. Speckled Alder. Red maple, gray birch, or other trees may be scattered sparsely above the shrubs. A. tenuifolia Nutt.] Common through all of Minnesota. Speckled alder. According to speckled alder information, these trees do not get above 25 feet (7.6 m.) tall, and can be much shorter. If the roots are established, they can tolerate a little drought. The yields of timber-producing trees such as ash, tupelo, and poplar are increased when they grow with speckled alder and can share in the nitrogen fixed by the alders bacterial partner. Herb: Speckled Alder Latin name: Alnus rugosa Synonyms: Alnus incana rugosa Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Speckled Alder: The speckled alder was quite widely used medicinally by the native North American Indians who used it … Native throughout the United States, except through the plains states and the south to the southeastern region of the country. It is the namesake of a type of wetland known as "alder thicket". Similar species: Alnus incana, the grey alder or speckled alder, is a species of tree in the birch family, with a wide range across the cooler parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Used as browse by small and game mammals. name and authority for each sub-species) Tenuifolia, Rugosa, Incana Cultivar Common Synonym(s) (include full scientific names, including variety or subspecies information) Alnus Incana (L.) Moench Common Name(s) Grey Alder, Thin Leaf Alder, Speckled Alder, Mountain Alder Species Code (as per USDA Plants database) ALNINC GENERAL INFORMATION Leaf blades 3–8 cm long with doubly serrate margins, paler, pubescent on … incana, is native to western Europe [120,127]. Breitung Family: Betulaceae Common Names: river alder, thin leaf alder, speckled alder, gray alder Alnus incana ssp. Community Engagement and Preparedness (CEP) Program, http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, and reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity. Scientific name: Alnus incana (L.) Moench Common name(s): speckled alder, gray alder Links: USDA PLANTS Profile, NPIN Profile, Go Botany Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”) Description: – in … Hardiness Zone: . tenuifolia (Nutt.) The thin bark of speckled alder is speckled with pores (called lenticels), hence its common name. Speckled Alder (Alnus rugosa) Login. rugosa (Du Roi) R.T. Clausen, specked alder [120,137,192,205,237,255] Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Highbush cranberry Viburnum opulus Hobble-bush Viburnum alniifolium Hooked agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala ... Speckled alder Alnus incana Spinulose wood fern Dryopteris carthusiana Spreading sedge Carex projecta Spring beauty Claytonia caroliniana Distinctive features: Shrub; Prominent lenticels (speckles) scattered all over the bark. Minnesota Wildflowers. Best in full sun to partial shade. Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.). speckled alder General Information; Symbol: ALINR Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Other common names: Gray Alder, Hoary Alder, Tag Alder. (Plant Database) Found Online: https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ALIN2. Shrubs to 4 m high with grayish-brown bark. rugosa Speckled Alder Alnus viridis ssp. They do love areas with moist or wet soil with good drainage if available. Speckled Alder (Alnus rugosa) Date: 2010-08-19. Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants, Alnus, belonging to the birch family Betulaceae. The Alnus Incana Subsp. Some features of this site may not work without it. Be watchful for aphids, leaf miners, tent caterpillars, lace bugs, and flea beetles. It has been introduced in the northeastern United States [231]. Updated March 2018. The bark of these trees are brown to reddish-brown to grayish, with scattered white lenticels (pores), older bark is grayish to reddish-brown with pale horizontal lenticels (pores). Rugosa is commonly known as the European Speckled Alder, Gray Alder, Hazel Alder, Hoary Alder, Mountain Alder, Speckled Alder as well as Tag Alder.. should contact the responsible State or local Agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339. rugosa is very similar in appearance to Alnus serrulata (smooth alder or hazel alder). 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