Primary virtues are those which are directly concerned with the conscious movement of the finite to the Infinite, and the secondary ones are those indirectly responsible for this attainment. Michael Chase, Stephen R. L. Clark, Michael McGhee (eds. Kant’s contention is that, as knowledge is limited to the perceptual categories of the sensibility and the conceptual categories of the understanding, even our knowledge of God as such, for example, is not a possibility. The world, in his philosophy, is only a conglomeration of isolated and abstract names and forms, which, when they are thus isolated, lose all reality. Sensation, perception, inference, comparison, verbal testimony, presumption, non-apprehension and non-relational intuition are the various phases of the ways of right knowledge. Either one knows it fully in non-dualistic communion or does not know it at all. Philosophy has no quarrel with science; it concedes that science is necessary and useful in reinforcing its own conclusions, but it strictly warns science that it is limited to physical phenomena. A philosophy of life is any general attitude towards, or philosophical view of, the meaning of life or of the way life should be lived. God, freedom and immortality are not objects of the reason, which reason has to establish independently, but represent the highest goal which reason has to justify, basing itself on the Anubhava or experience of the sages, such as those of the Upanishads. John Dewey almost hits the mark when he holds that a catholic and far-sighted theory of the adjustment of the conflicting factors of life is philosophy. We all have something we believe in or some code of ethics that we adhere to. Definition of philosophy of life. These codes or principles are what define us. Intuition, however, has the special advantage of being able to unfold all that the senses and reason can, and, in addition, also that which these cannot hope to know with all their power. They are not the main dish. Under axiology philosophy establishes the nature of values in the different stages and views of life, such as physical values, aesthetic values, moral values, religious values, etc. The world is relative to perception and its goal is the Absolute. The human desire for meaning finds vivid expression in the stories we tell, diaries we keep, and in our deepest hopes and fears. When I was first asked to write a philosophy paper, the first step I did was looking to the literary meaning of the word “philosophy”. It marches bold like a heroic warrior with truth, justice and wisdom as its supreme aims. This is actually what has happened, and great scientists like Max Planck, Einstein, James Jeans and Eddington have given intimations of that something that science is not able to say anything about. Mysticism, for Swami Sivananda, is the path of the practical knowledge and experience of the great truths of metaphysics, the disclosure of the realities of God, the world and the individual, the recognition, in direct intuition, of their true relations, the grand rising of the soul from the slumber of ignorance and its realisation of the beatitude of the Absolute. Philosophy of life definition, any philosophical view or vision of the nature or purpose of life or of the way that life should be lived. [2], The term also refers to a specific conception of philosophizing as a way of life,[3] endorsed by the German Lebensphilosophie movement whose main representative is Wilhelm Dilthey[4] and several other continental philosophers such as Henri Bergson[5] and Pierre Hadot.[3]. Knowledge is said to be erroneous when one thing is mistaken for another, whatever the reason be for this error. Mysticism is in a way the most magnificent part of philosophical studies, though certain rationalist philosophers, in their enthusiasm to save themselves from falling into irrationalism of any kind, commit the error of not knowing that true mysticism deals with truths that range beyond and determine all rational processes of knowledge. Routledge Online Encyclopedia: entry on the meaning of life. 1 : an overall vision of or attitude toward life and the purpose of life. Philosophy gives us a promise of such a majestic vision. The Importance of the Study of Western Thought, Part II: A Comparative Study of Some Western Philosophers. All knowledge that we ordinarily obtain in this world is mediate, for it requires the operation of the triune process of the knower, knowledge and the known. Man possesses nothing superior to reason, and so philosophy cannot go beyond it. Ethics is the science of the inner conduct that is good and right. The mind does not partake of the characteristics of Reality. Philosophy is a general exposition of the ultimate concepts, meanings and values of the things of the universe, by a resort to their final causes which range beyond the reach of the senses. Mysticism mostly concerns itself with the inner relation of the individual to the Eternal Being and with the various techniques of the ascent of the soul in the fulfilment of its religious and spiritual aspirations, with the picturesque experiences it undergoes and the dangers and the difficulties it has to encounter on the way, with the psychology of the phenomenon of religious consciousness and the philosophical foundations and implications of the inner path of the Spirit, and also the meditations which the seeker of Truth has to practise for the ultimate attainment. Philosophy investigates the very possibility and conditions of knowledge, its extent, nature and value. The transitory nature of mediate knowledge affects the whole world of science, for this latter is sense-bound. The several techniques of Yoga and Jnana are comprehended in mysticism of the right type, and it sums up what is usually known as the spiritual path or the way to the Life Divine. There is an urge within him to know about the secret of death, the secret of immortality, the nature of the soul, the creator and the world.” “Philosophy is the self-expression of the growing spirit in man. Undifferentiatedness and transcendence of qualities do not in any way mean reducing Reality to non-being. However, after reading the works of many educational thinkers, and reflecting deeply upon them, my mind has been. The meaning of our life, its purpose and justification, is to fulfill the expectations of God, and then to receive our final reward. For the Greek philosopher Plato (c. 428 – c. 347 BC), the meaning of life is the pursuit of knowledge. What science has abrogated is not reality but appearance, and after everything is said, there remains the irreducible minimum of the consciousness of the Self. philosophy meaning: 1. the use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of the real world and existence…. A philosophy of life is an overall vision or attitude toward life and the purpose of it. Intuition, however, is not to be classed as one of the ways of knowing, for it is the one supreme way of right knowledge, transcending all other empirical means. Human activities are limited by time, and death. The difficulty arises due to a false appreciation of the true relation of Reality to appearance. These thoughts have been existing in order to guide human behaviour and assessing them about their existence, knowledge, values, and reasoning. The spirit of the Vedanta must be ingrained in one’s cells or tissues, veins, nerves and bones. By this method of knowing it is not possible for us to acquire an unshakable knowledge of reality, for mediacy in knowledge does not enjoy the characteristics of permanency. By its very nature it knows only what is outside it and cannot know what is above it or what is presupposed by it. If God or a soul does not exist, o… The Absolute is necessary for the world, but the world is not necessary for the Absolute. Beauty is either subjective or objective or relative to the subject and the object. There is no such thing as subject-object relationship in regard to the consciousness of what is universal. Reason rests on the awareness of duality, on the concept of the dichotomy of existence, and Truth is non-duality. One must think of unity, speak of unity, and act in unity” (Lectures on Yoga and Vedanta p.134). The human situation appears to be a struggle between what is (existence) and what ought (essence) to be. Learn more. It will be seen in the course of the study of the principles constituting the universe that what is implied within in experience is also implied outside in the contents of experience and in the objects and the conditions that are necessary for bringing about this experience. All values, intrinsic or extrinsic, are rooted in the judgment of the supreme value of the realisation of the Absolute, which is the eternal home of all other values and in which all other values find their fulfilment. Vedanta is the divine collyrium which removes the cataract of ignorance and gives a new inner eye of intuition or wisdom.” “It gives real inner spiritual strength. The meaning of life is "freedom from suffering" through apatheia (Gr: απαθεια), that is, being objective and having "clear judgement", not indifference. There have been moments in philosophy that placed a deal of emphasis on questions like this. If the Vedanta, is not practicable, no theory is of any value. If u don't do wat u love u should love what you do. Life is the aspect of existence that processes, acts, reacts, evaluates, and evolves through growth (reproduction and metabolism). It is the way, not simply of explaining what ought to be, but of directly experiencing that which eternally exists” (Voice of Sivananda, pp.2,3). Though what is true in the world is the Absolute alone, the names and the forms of the world are not in the latter. While the intuitional truths are rationally explained by philosophy, it does not pretend to prove the nature of these truths through intellectual or scientific categories. Kant, concerning himself too much with the individual powers of knowledge, dispenses with the metaphysics of an ultimate reality as something totally impossible. The process of refining this philosophy is like building a ship. Under aesthetics the significance and the nature of beauty are discussed in philosophy. Reason in the philosophy of Swami Sivananda is only a handmaid to the higher intuition, made use of to proclaim the truth and value of intuition in the world of sense-perception. Part one : Philosophy of Life. It becomes possible for philosophy to concern itself with metaphysical essences by resting on the strong foundation of the testimony given by sages to deep meditation and realisation. Swami Sivananda has recorded in his works his unequivocal conclusions on these wondrous themes, which point in the end to the self-realisation of consciousness in the Absolute. Stoicism's prime directives are virtue, reason, and natural law, abided to develop personal self-control and mental fortitude as means of overcoming destructive emotions. The philosophy of Swami Sivananda is not any partial approach to Truth; it is that grand integral method which combines in itself the principles and laws discovered and established by science, metaphysics and the higher religion and which embraces in its vast bosom whatever is true, good or beautiful in the universe. Literature represented in philosophy, poetry, plays, novels or life stories. The Stoic does not seek to extinguish emotions, only to avoid emotional … Atheistic existentialism is best exemplified by Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre. 2 [translation of German Lebensphilosophie] : any of various philosophies that emphasize human life or … Space, time and causation, matter, energy and objects vanish in the menstruum of its stupendous existence. Philosophy is not to be confused with intuition, with mystic or religious experience, though it is a very powerful aid in achieving this end. It is wrong to think that the world is concrete and the Absolute abstract. Matter has now ceased to be what it was to man half a century ago, and today it is more like a myth, a fable or a fancy than reality. The Absolute is not the one that is coloured by the functions of the senses and the understanding, but the very presupposition of the senses, understanding and reason. The individual is either free or bound. The good is that which, directly or indirectly, leads the individual to the experience of the Absolute, which is the ultimate good. The 3rd International Conference on Philosophy and Meaning in Life will be held June 17-19, 2020 at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. The term is generally used in an informal sense, meaning a personal philosophy whose focus is resolving basic existential questions about the human condition rather than an academic philosophical endeavour. Truly speaking, philosophy can neither be purely subjective in its approach, nor purely objective in the sense of an alienation from the perceiving subject. This leads to a critical examination of the constituents of empirical experience and a profound study of its hidden implications. But we forget this. Philosophy conceived as metaphysics deals with an extensive reasoned discussion of the natures and the relations of God, world and the individual soul. Literature has been the philosophy that reflects the image of the essay and observes the behavior of people in their daily life. The objects of the senses get fused, as it were, in the constitutive essence of the Absolute. But this problem does not arise in the philosophy of Swami Sivananda, for, to him, philosophy is but the embodiment in reason of the intuitional wisdom of Truth as it is. We can say, tentatively, that a philosophy of life is a theory of the good conjoined with practical recommendations for attaining the good. We fill up our time with distractions, never asking whether they are important, whether we really find them of value. ); Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: entry on emergent properties (Includes a discussion of the meaning of life.) In other words, science is a coordinated and systematised knowledge of the contents of the world as it is observed through the physical senses of man. Man wants to know about transcendental matters when he is in a reflective state. Philosophy is the most inclusive of all branches of learning, and acts as a touchstone to all other aspects of human knowledge. This confusion is to be found even in Hegel who, not carefully distinguishing between the eternal and the transitory characters present in the world, thinks that the existence of the world is necessary for the perfection of the Absolute. “A clear understanding of man’s relation to God is a matter of momentous importance to students of philosophy and to all aspirants” (Philosophy and Teachings, p.2). Too much of those things might ruin your life. What the senses perceive is but the outer changing mode of the fact of the relativity of experience. It has always within itself a living undercurrent of significance and implication which gives a vivid picture of the nature of the ultimate end to the understanding mind. The Onion (The preeminent internet newspaper that advocates an absurd answer to the question: What is the meaning of Life? Always do what makes you feel great. It should be a personal and simple philosophy with the aim of tackling the existential issues of our lives that we will all inevitably face.Through this, we can endeavour to integrate meaning into our lives. But on this ground he would not agree with Kant that philosophical pursuits should be given up altogether as specimens of a vain enterprise on the part of man. One must put the Vedanta into daily practice, in every action that one does. It is the science of principles. Philosophy has a purely negative value—of offering an exhaustive criticism of sense-experience and logical thought and indirectly arriving at the concept of Reality by demonstrating the limitations and inadequacies of the former. Philosophy in this sense ought to become the principal occupation of enlightened life. The Vedanta teaches the oneness or unity of the Self. Hegel says in his Philosophy of Religion: “Philosophy is not a wisdom of the world, but is knowledge of what is not of the world; it is not knowledge which concerns external mass or empirical existence and life, but is knowledge of that which is eternal, of what God is, and what flows out of His nature.”. There are at least three prevailing theories on how to respond to the existential question. There are two basic forms of existentialism: Religious existentialism is best exemplified by St. Augustine, Blaise Pascal, Paul Tillich, and the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard. 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