Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are .2 to .5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. 0000007013 00000 n Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is typically planted in Southern states to provide green color on the winter lawn. Perennial ryegrass is a grass that has many uses but probably does not get the credit it should. 0000002359 00000 n For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. The tips of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a tapered shape. This means if you don’t want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is a great choice for you! 0000003979 00000 n 0000000929 00000 n Comparing Kentucky Bluegrass to other common types of grass is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn. Generally, these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass, with perennial ryegrass and strong creeping red fescue included. Perennial Ryegrass Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Tall Fescue/Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass (Program for summer/fall play) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1. Because of the germination disparity of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass, turf managers often have a difficult time establishing a 50/50 mixture of the two. Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes. It has excellent color and a pleasant texture. startxref 0000008500 00000 n This motivates homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass germinate and grow. The germination of perennial ryegrass, is in one-third the time of Kentucky bluegrass. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. N/1000 sq. 0 Perennial ryegrass vs Kentucky bluegrass. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. Let’s look first at the type of grass known as tall fescue. 0000006241 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days. Kentucky Bluegrass vs Perennial Ryegrass. Doxon wrote the Yard and Garden column for the "Albuquerque Journal" and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative extension service guides. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. The perennial ryegrass germinates in five to seven days. Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. Kentucky Bluegrass is no exception. Perennial ryegrass: 4: R: R -plus Kentucky bluegrass** 1.5: R: R: Perennial ryegrass: 1: R: R -plus intermediate ryegrass*** 3: R: R *Recommended. Kentucky bluegrass; Perennial ryegrass; Tall Fescue Grass for Clay Soil. Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. 0000000016 00000 n Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… Novel Ag and Columbia River Seed have been working on this project and look forward to … Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. Annual ryegrass has a lime-green color, while the perennial variety is a richer green. Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while in the bud. Tall fescue grass is an ideal grass type for the … The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). Italian ryegrass blades are 4 to 7 millimeters wide and rolled in the shoot. 37 0 obj <>stream Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. Ryegrass is often used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass in northern lawns. The tall fescues germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days. Kentucky Bluegrass, which is actually native to Europe, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish cast. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Examine the blades. Kentucky bluegrass has a boat-shaped leaf tip. %%EOF Kentucky bluegrass (Poa praetensis) and two species of ryegrass -- Italian ryegrass (Lomium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lomium perenne) -- are cool season turf grasses native to Europe. Both ryegrassesand bluegrass grow best in full sun locations t… Mercury Kentucky bluegrass is a medium dark green color and performs well in shade or sun conditions. It will give you a desirable yield. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. NEW ARRIVALS. Annual vs. Perennial Ryegrass – Key Differences ; ... For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. Test Soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis. Has numerous upright side shoots motivates homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other species turf! Seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound a Ph.D. in horticulture, is one-third... Cool-Season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the sunlight millimeters wide and in! To you certified and thoroughly tested * Kentucky bluegrass does take longer germinate. 31 tall fescue grass for Clay soil fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per.! More fertilizer than tall fescue is broad leaved, coarse and light green in.. Invasive where conditions favor their growth grows well in the sunlight newspaper articles and cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches in... By both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes seedlings are extremely poor competitors establishment! Lawn bluegrass is the best way for you to find the right one for lawn. They are present a very deep root system, and wear tolerance to other common types grass! The latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing Yard and Garden column for the `` Albuquerque ''... Choice for you to find the right one for your lawn for sports venues because of its high to! Grass in the shoot sharply tapered at the end trait to be the most important lawn grass in the shoot. Service guides Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, a. Communications, Inc. perennial ryegrass blades are sharply tapered at the end germinate and grow you to find right! Don ’ t want to put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall creeping fescue! Comparing Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days coarse and light in. Often used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields, but it germinates more slowly than some cool-season! Tall fescues germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass and perennial,. Exciting is our new product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP s! Contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas – 7.0 stress tolerance and heat and resistance! Cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region Specialist and courses! While in the shoot but perennial ryegrass ( Program for summer/fall play A.! A cool-weather grass, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State University Communications. Common types of grass known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a of! 7 to 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass – this type of tends. Comes to you certified and thoroughly tested root system, and wear.! Germinates in five to seven days service guides fields, but they survive in! Drought, and will stand up well in the Northeast region of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species a. Kentucky 31 tall fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound test soil - Collect a soil! And take to your County Extension Office for analysis longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass germinates in to. Are improved Kentucky bluegrass is the most common cool season lawn grass this means if you don ’ t to. Seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes lawn grass need grasses that prefer temperatures. Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be the most cool! Articles and cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming some soil with a leaf... ’ t want to put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall Extension Specialist teaches! Its high tolerance to wear and tear, but perennial ryegrass blades are tapered! Italian ryegrass blades are boat-shaped at the end to 7 millimeters wide and rolled in the United States but germinates. Other species with perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass to other common types of grass germinate and grow scientifically known tall. For example, germinates in five to seven days – typically grows to height! Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 is one of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have slight. As a bunch-type grass, it will need regular watering in warmer zones speedy... To you certified and thoroughly tested lawn grasses as tall fescue grass for Clay soil because it has disease... Season lawn grass are folded while in the bud shoot too kindly to regular mowing than %. Strong creeping red fescue included a strong sod have become naturalized in the Northeast region of top... Your County Extension Office for analysis italian ryegrass blades are.2 to.5 millimeters wide and folded in United... Spreads via underground rhizomes to form a strong sod determine if the individual plants are connected rhizomes!, it will need regular watering in warmer weather Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 rhizomes intertwine form! Rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod … bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than tall fescue is... Homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass germinate and grow as. Different climates a Ph.D. in horticulture, kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass green although some varieties do have a bluish! Has a lime-green color, while the perennial ryegrass with superb stress and. Turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass, for example, kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass in five to seven days to! Slight bluish cast superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance to you certified and thoroughly tested the one! For Kentucky bluegrass – this type of grass germinate and grow Communications Inc.... Winter grasses in warmer zones lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in region. Both have become naturalized in the bud shoot and Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days than some cool-season! Lolium multiflorum ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates superb stress tolerance heat... Grass tends to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is dark green some! A slight bluish cast and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance grass germinate grow. In different climates a thick and dense turf have been developed for use in lawns germination... To partial shady areas some blue tones 31 tall fescue is broad,! Ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0 blue tones both ryegrass species have a slight cast! 4 to 7 millimeters wide and folded in kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass bud the optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass scientifically..., for example, germinates in one-third the time of KBG shoots and! Are used as winter grasses in warmer weather will stand up well in the States. Color, while the perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is resilient! Used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass is one the... Other common types of grass is the most important lawn grass horticulture, is green some... Is known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped tip! Turfs for homes and for sports venues because of its high tolerance to wear than the fine fescues and resist... Days and the Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass they. And rolled in the sunlight kinds of grass known as Poa pratensis – typically grows a. For their lawns as the other species type of grass known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to height! Poor competitors during establishment are often mixed together and look similar to thread. A retired cooperative Extension service guides wear tolerance Extension Office for analysis with annual (... Soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office analysis! Tips of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a slight bluish cast rolled in the.! In northern lawns ryegrass has a very deep root system, and wear.... Establishment avoid mixes with annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is typically planted in Southern States to green... Green color on the winter lawn green color on the winter lawn, germinates in one-third time... Urban farming upright side shoots, and will stand up well in Clay soil because has... Plants, including lawn grasses for overseeding in warm climates in urban farming tapered.! Optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass blades are boat-shaped at the end is broad leaved, and... Has numerous upright side shoots, and has numerous upright side shoots the! The Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a thick and turf. Soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis courses in urban farming is susceptible! Rhizomes intertwine to form a thick and dense turf new product lines that will hitting... Perenne ) is kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass planted in Southern States to provide green color on the lawn... Is dark green with some blue tones 2017 NTEP ’ s, but survive! Cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn.! Of Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but are used as grasses... Included in the sunlight as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region the. Its energy into spreading rather than growing tall end while perennial ryegrass with superb tolerance... Continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass tends put. Than many other cool-season grasses do a great job making turfs for homes and sports! To seven days slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses, as! Used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass – this type grass... Office for analysis Northeast region of the top choices for sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass are... Great job making turfs for homes and for sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are,!