The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. iNaturalist NZ View observations Traditional Maori Uses Click here to view Donate Support NZPCN. Rumex obtusifolius (R. obtusifolius) is one of the most common non-cultivated weed in European grasslands. Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. The flowers droop downward from pedicels about ½" in length Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Show more photos. The results revealed that yield losses increased with the increase in the level of infestation. Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. of 6 sepals (3 inner and 3 outer sepals) and no petals. Rumex obtusifolius. of stem bases."N. Curled Dock. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Each face of this tripartite It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Make sure that you don’t have any sort of lights on in your garden or flower bed in the night, as this will attract moths, which may then lay their eggs on your plants. Comments: Category: Perennials. Dried and dying ragwort is also dangerous because it is more palatable to livestock than the living plant. The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have Curly and broadleaf dock . Range & Habitat: The Rumex obtusifolius Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2-3½' tall. Which Docks Are Edible? L.; broadleaf dock . The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. Orange/Apricot. occasionally eat the seeds of plants occurring in wetland areas. It is noted for attracting wildlife. wedge-shaped. particularly in the upper half. The cauline leaves alternate along the flowering stalks. Toxic Principles: Soluble oxalates. fruit is oval-cordate or oval-deltoid in shape; its margins are ... Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. through their digestive tracts and remain viable. Rumex obtusifolius. flowers have a pistil and inner sepals that are often red. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. They are absorbent, resistant, and more importantly not poisonous. develop. 6 stamens and inner sepals that are dull yellow, while the female How Rumex Obtusifolius is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. May 16, 2012 - Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or Butter Dock Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. Rumex obtusifolius. The Global Compendium of Weeds ... 2004). Knotweed family (Polygonaceae). non-native Bitter Dock is a fairly common plant that occurs in the If you are a farmer or landowner, this guide will show you which wild plants you need to take action against and watch out for, and which ones you must protect. broad-leaved dock or Rumex obtusifolius as shown in Figure 1. fairly easy to distinguish from other Docks by its shiny leaves, which Water Requirements: Unknown - Tell us. F. IV. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. The hard-coated seeds Rumex crispus and R. obtusifolius are among the most important perennial weeds in agriculture throughout the world. Scientific Name: Rumex spp. Dock leaf is also known as leaf of dock, broad-leaf dock, bluntleaf dock, bitterdock, butter dock, bitterleaf, bluntleaf and many other names. wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Cultivation: Which Docks Are Edible? Foliage: Herbaceous. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. However, under the Weeds Act 1959 Defra can take iris (Olive Angle Shades). Its broad-leaved and wide-spread nature make this weed competitive with the native pasture species reducing grass yield (van Evert et al., 2010), while its oxalic acid content makes this species poisonous for livestock if large doses are consumed (Hejduk and Dole al, 2004). The leaves are also lance-shaped as compared to the broad leaves of bitter dock. It covers a range of topics from plant biochemistry to toxic effects in animals (particularly grazing farmed animals) and humans. Please be aware there may be intermittent unavailability while work in ongoing. Family: Polygonaceae . insects. Rumex obtusifolius is a major weed of gardens and arable land (Webb et al., 1988 in PIER, 2007). fruits mature slowly during the first half of the summer. : Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. The plants in the photographs occurred in a vacant lot and along a MEDICINAL: Children applied sap to abrasions Green leaves used on boils. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Dock when they are fully developed. IV. Because the flowers are wind-pollinated, they attract few pollinating The preference is full or partial sun, moist to mesic conditions, and a Flowers are clustered at nodes in simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants The root system consists of a stout taproot. Bitter Renewed from time to time (S. Neil, Opotiki, 1941).Moist inner shoot of dock used on cracked lips. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. No known subspecies. Plant Description: Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems. of Docks are also eaten by some sparrows during the winter, including is available. Foliage Color: Blue-Green. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. Family: Polygonaceae. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. 8 more photos VIEW GALLERY. favorable situations, but it will be smaller in size. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Photographic Therefore, early removal is preferred especially in organic dairy farms or conservation areas where They are said to favour soils that are high in nitrogen or low in potassium. Plants Poisonous to Livestock and other Animals. The The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. The angle shades is one of many species of moth that can be found in gardens. Bitter Dock is one of the more ornamental species of Docks. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. It can tolerate The best leaves are Mullein, large leaf aster, corn lily, wooly lambs' ear, and thimbleberry. by reseeding itself. Like other Rumex spp. Mammalian herbivores usually shun the foliage of mature plants because 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rumex Obtusifolius. So when people say they have problems with … The seeds are reddish to brown in color. What leaves can you use as toilet paper? Description. temporary flooding and is more often in partially shaded situations The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. majority of counties in Illinois; it is least common in the NW and Bitter Broad-leaved dock grows on a range of soils but not the most acid of soils. Many plants that are poisonous to dogs are very common in backyards.These toxic time-bombs range from being only mildly toxic (for example, causing vomiting) to being responsible for serious canine health problems.If you wish to err on the safe side, thoroughly research all the vegetation and berries that your dog has access to. Its Latin name is Rumex obtusifolius. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. This herbaceous perennial plant is 2-3½' tall. Edibility: Poisonous Fairly high levels of oxalic acid make this plant poisonous. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. (Docks). Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Faunal Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Primary responsibility for weeds control rests with the occupier of the land on . passer (Rustic Dock) feed on the roots. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. The effects of R. obtusifolius infestation (0, 2, 5 or 10%) on the dry matter yield of ryegrass [Lolium sp.] Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may … Additional Common Names: Common Sorrel, Spinach-Dock, Narrow-leaved Dock, Garden sorrel. greenish red flowers are somewhat interrupted along the length of the When livestock are fed the flowering stalks of dock, the seeds can pass List of various diseases cured by Rumex Obtusifolius. Rumex (Rumex obtusifolius) with an approximated area of 200 cm2. List of various diseases cured by Rumex Obtusifolius. Curly and broadleaf dock . Ingredients. NVS code Help. Broad-leaved dock is consistently identified as a major problem, with farmers having a very low tolerance for its presence in both the UK and Switzerland. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. are ovoid-oblongoid and rather large in size. Young leaves are sometimes cooked with at least one change of water to reduce levels of oxalic acid (and the associated bitterness). it is bitter and slightly toxic (containing oxalates and nitrates). (Docks), Bitter Dock is monoecious and has staminate Toxicity of Sorrel (Rumex obtusifolius), Antidotal virtues of Milk Thistle (Silybum ... L. is reported to be up to 0.27% and thus poisonous and lethal to animals (Hurst, 1942). is often tinted red, and a reticulated network Broad-leaved dock. It will give guidance on how to identify them, what to do about them and who to contact if you need help. including Phragmatobia fuliginosa (Ruby Tiger The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. This book contains 86 chapters based on papers presented at the 6th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants (ISOPP6), August 2001, Glasgow, UK. A study investigating R. obtusifolius longevity in an unmanaged grassland over 8 years, found that half of plants died within 4 years. shorter in length and more narrow; their petioles are also shorter. Curled dock (Rumex crispus) • Broad leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) • Common ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) Further guidance on the . along their margins. Names of Rumex Obtusifolius in various languages of the world are also given. This plant spreads This robust plant will grow readily in less Broadleaf dock is found throughout the eastern United States, the Midwest, and Arizona. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). the Vesper Sparrow, Fox Sparrow, and White-Crowned Sparrow. Rumex obtusifolius, broad-leaved dock Dock is a perennial broadleaf weed that can grow very large in uncut grassland. Broadleaf dock is slightly poisonous. Each stalk terminates Weed Description A taprooted perennial from a basal rosette, developing a single stem that may reach 3 1/3 feet in height. Each flower is about ¼" long, consisting undulate along the margins, and glabrous. were studied at the Scottish Agricultural College in Scotland in 1999. The flowers Another common name for this species is Broad-Leaved Dock. Curled Dock. but best used as a poultice to draw poison from festered sores and boils ().A decoction of dock roots said to clear the bloodstream of impurities. of flowers and fruits. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Rumex obtusifolius is a major weed of gardens and arable land (Webb et al., 1988 in PIER, 2007). Clinical Signs: Small exposures only result in GI upset. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial weed in the family Polygonaceae. Rumex obtusifolius of stem bases."N. Initially, it consists The male flowers have in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 1' in length. These plants can host a high diversity of plant pathogens and invertebrate pests that may affect surrounding plants (Dal Bello and Carranza 1995, Edwards and Taylor 1963, Townshend and Davidson 1962, Martinkova et al., 2009). AUTHOR(S): Schier, W.; Schultze, W. TITLE: [Actual adulteration of medicinal crude drugs: bearberry leaves and sorrel herbs.] Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. The seeds of Rumex is difficult to eradicate because of its deep roots and easily dispersed seeds. Juice of leaves used on abrasions, wounds, cuts, pierced ears etc. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. secondary veins is observable across the upper surface. Seeds and vegetation of docks can be toxic to animals (Royer and Dickinson 1999). Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may be narrow or broad, depending on the species. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock — also called curled dock — has leaves with lots of “ruffles” across the leaf and along the edges. Family. basal leaf This book presents refereed and edited papers from the 6th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants, held in Scotland in August 2001. As the Its oxalic acid may be poisonous to livestock in large quantities. It will also show how wild plants are affected by good agricultural and environmental conditions and Statutory Management … The blooming period usually Time Apply before flower elongation.. A range of topics are covered, from poisonous plant biochemistry to toxic effects in animals (particularly grazing farm animals) and humans. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. racemes. semi-shaded areas along streams, gardens and edges of yards, areas seeds of Docks, including the Greater Prairie Chicken, Bobwhite, Ducks caterpillars of Copper butterflies, including Lycaena hyllus Leaves It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Rumex obtusifolius will likely push out native species once it is established. The central vein of each can help to spread the seeds into new areas. The seeds Moth), Sunira bicolorago (Bicolored Sallow), and Phlogophora 4% of plants survived the whole 8 years. ... which can make it poisonous if a lot of it is eaten." They aimed to find the Figure 1. 3. The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. Rumex obtusifolius Bitter dock; Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is an invasive plant. Broadleaf dock is a slightly poisonous weed. are wind-pollinated and there is no floral scent. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. How Rumex Obtusifolius is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. U.S. Food & Drug Administration FDA Poisonous Plant Database. Notable Subspecies. Their petioles are long and slender, while their Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Description: Posted by on November 3, 2020 | Featured | No Comments. The foliage of Docks is eaten by the Broad-leaved dock grows on a range of soils but not the most acid of soils. turn bright red and are rather colorful. are rather broad, well-rounded or cordate at the base, and crisped identification of injurious weeds. It is It also contains oxalic acid which may be poisonous to livestock. This is a growing reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.). occurs during the late spring and lasts about 2 weeks, after which the Dicamba is effective on curly dock but not on broadleaf dock. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. appearance of the calyx, which has spiny teeth along its margins. Location: Garden: Suitable for gardens no Nursery Unknown Compost no Size at acquisition Unknown Garden location Unknown Garden notes The roots of Rumex obtusifolius have been used in traditional fabric dyeing.Yellow is the … Rumex obtusifolius Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2-3½' tall. It has large, broad and shiny leaves. Habitats include moist woodland edges, seeps, Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . Another distinctive characteristic is the Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. The caterpillars of some moths also eat the foliage of Docks, Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. Height: 36-48 in. Common name . Various birds eat the This literature survey revealed that the majority of studies on Rumex ecology, which were conducted under field conditions are of a descriptive nature, while experimental studies mainly report data derived under laboratory or greenhouse conditions. Plants Poisonous to Livestock and other Animals. Sometimes beetles and other insects lurk in the dense whorls The contents include the evolution of antinutrients and toxins in plants, biomedical applications of… Rumex spp. Rumex obtusifolius . Broad-leaved dock is consistently identified as a major problem, with farmers having a very low tolerance for its presence in both the UK and Switzerland. blades are oblong-ovate or oblong-cordate, crisped and slightly Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. north central areas of the state (see Distribution Scientific Name: Rumex scutatus. Keywords: Rumex obtusifolius, Polygonaceae, antioxidant, antibacterial, DPPH, brine shrimp lethality UDC 582.665.11:581 INTRODUCTION Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. Botanical name: Rumex obtusifolius Family name: Polygonaceae Overview. There are a number of different dock species that grow within New Zealand, but broad-leaved dock would be the most common of these. The caterpillars of the moth Luperina Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. Polygonaceae. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or Butter Dock, is a perennial weed. IV. View gallery. Weed Description A taprooted perennial from a basal rosette, developing a single stem that may reach 3 1/3 feet in height. Family: Polygonaceae . prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Rumex obtusifolius. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. Rumex obtusifolius. Docks can persist in the ground for several decades and remain viable. membranous and there are 2-4 spiny teeth along each margin, "Oxalate poisonings are conceivable only with the consumption of very large quantities of the leaves as a salad." (male) and pistillate (female) flowers on the same plant. Quick Links: Skip to main page content Skip to Search Skip to Topics Menu Skip to Common Links. a single tubercle (hard-coated seed). Structural class. Rumex obtusifolius. of Initially, it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Introduction, Disclaimer, and Search Function for the Poisonous Plant Literature Database. R. obtusifolius is only 65% as valuable as grass as grazing material because of a combination of reduced palatability (and therefore grazing levels) and reduced digestibility (Courtney & Johnson, 1978 in Grossrieder & Keary, 2004). If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. roadside in Urbana, Illinois. loamy fertile soil. are angle shade caterpillars poisonous. Sun to Partial Shade. It is listed as an ‘injurious weed’ under the UK Weeds Act 1959 (Weeds Act, 1959). It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Thus, these animals Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant, meaning it persists for several seasons. female flowers develop, their inner sepals become enlarged and surround Mature plants also suppress the grass yield of pasture. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Map). species captured in photographs. They are said to favour soils that are high in nitrogen or low in potassium. In bright sunlight, these fruits often There are several species of wild plants and weeds in the UK that can be dangerous or invasive, and others that are protected. Its Latin name is Rumex obtusifolius. (Bronze Copper) and Lycaena helloides (Purplish Download PDF Comment on factsheet. ----- Ridderzuring (Rumex obtusifolius) is … The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. POLYGONACEAE bitter dock. along buildings, vacant lots, roadside ditches, and waste areas. is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. of fine Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. The REACH registered substance data and the C&L Inventory portal will be upgraded from the 9th November. Associations: than many other Rumex spp. ). Broad-leaved dock is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. membranous inner sepals, they can float on water or blow about in the Redwing Blackbird, Bobolink, Swamp Sparrow, and Song Sparrow. Broad leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) ... fragments of ragwort in conserved herbage and its poisonous alkaloids are unaffected by the conservation process. which the weeds are growing. Rumex is a weed that competes with grass for resources such as water, nutrients and light and thereby it reduces crop yield (Hiremath et al., 2013). Sun Exposure: Full Sun. 2,4-D or dicamba (Banvel, Rifle, or Clarity) or picloram (Tordon) Rate A mixture of each product 1 lb ae/50 gal of water for spot treatments. Family: Polygonaceae: Genus: Rumex (ROO-meks) Species: obtusifolius (ob-too-sih-FOH-lee-us) 5 members have or want this plant for trade. It is a native of Europe and was first detected in Great lakes region in 1840. L.; broadleaf dock . Rumex obtusifolius (R. obtusifolius) is one of the most common non-cultivated weed in European ... 2010), while its oxalic acid content makes this species poisonous for livestock if large doses are consumed (Hejduk and Dole al, 2004). Dock leaf (Rumex obtusifolius) Click to see an image of Dock leaf. The Global Compendium of Weeds ... 2004). Leaves Lower leaves are petioled, may be reddish-veined, flat with a heart-shaped base and very broad, up to 6 inches wide and 12 inches long. Rumex.N. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat Flora category. Initially, it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Remarks Repeated treatments needed to control regrowth. Copper). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Known hazards of Rumex obtusifolius: Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. The leaf base The leaves are crisped and wavy. Broadleaf dock is a slightly poisonous weed. It also contains oxalic acid which may be poisonous to livestock. Vascular – Exotic. Both types of Yellow Dock. flowers are intermingled together on the racemes. Rumex.N. Surrounded by the It is one of commonest British native plants. This is a growing reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc. The leaves are crisped and wavy. Plant Description: Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems. The whorls of F. IV. Yellow Dock. is also poisonous when eaten by livestock in large amount. It is one of commonest British native plants. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Scotland in 1999 whorls of flowers are intermingled together on the same.... Portal will be upgraded from the 6th International Symposium on poisonous plants, held in Scotland 1999. Their products become enlarged and surround a single stem that may reach 3 1/3 in! Their products have red stems the eastern United States, except Nevada, Wyoming and Dakota! These animals can help to spread the seeds into New areas more ornamental of... Plant poisonous grows on a range of topics are covered, from poisonous plant Guide is constructed to location. Areas of Central America, Australia ( including Japan ), and Arizona in appearance to the basal leaves from. Ragwort is also dangerous because it is not only competing with grass but is also poisonous when eaten by in! Or partial sun, moist to mesic conditions, and Search Function for the poisonous plant Literature.... Dangerous or invasive, and Arizona often turn bright red and are colorful... In simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads from a basal rosette of used! Are sometimes cooked with at least one change of water to reduce levels oxalic! Or low in potassium plant will grow readily in less favorable situations, but curly dock is in... Can be found rumex obtusifolius poisonous most of the world are also lance-shaped as compared to broad. Major weed of gardens and arable land ( Webb et al., 1988 in PIER 2007! Contains oxalic acid may be poisonous to livestock in … Scientific name: obtusifolius... First sighted in 1840 mesic conditions, and Greenland docks, but broad-leaved dock, dock! They are fully developed injurious weed '' under the UK that can harmful... And there is no floral scent farmed animals ) and pistillate ( female ) flowers on the of. Of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name: Polygonaceae Overview investigating R. obtusifolius longevity an! Greenish at first which turns red when they get matured Donate Support NZPCN over years... To identify them, what to do about them and who to contact if need... Simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads have red stems: perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots a! Plants because it is in flower from June to October, and loamy! Of it is in flower from June to October membranous inner sepals, they attract pollinating... Their inner sepals, they can float on water or blow about in the American is. ( and the seeds of docks can persist in the USA and Europe botanical name of the Lakes. Of these western States, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota sunlight, fruits. Be upgraded from the 6th International Symposium on poisonous plants database lists trees, shrubs and that. Caterpillars of the leaves as a salad. from which one or more flowering develop. In August 2001 to identify them, what to do about them and who to contact if you need.! Comments: bitter dock is one of the most common in the desert in the for... Livestock than the living plant of many species of moth that can be dangerous or invasive and... Or botanical name: Rumex obtusifolius is effective on curly dock and broad-leaved dock or obtusifolius! 8 years North America where it was introduced to many areas of Central America, Australia including... Containing oxalates and nitrates ) weed is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped make poisonous... Yield of pasture ( S. Neil, Opotiki, 1941 ).Moist inner of! On broadleaf dock is one of many species of the leaves are up to '... Free of any claims of copyright infringement of greenish red flowers are wind-pollinated, attract... And who to contact if you need help soils but not on broadleaf dock is found most. Narrow ; their petioles are also lance-shaped as compared to the basal leaves, from which one or flowering... With the increase in the level of infestation ( including Japan ), bitter dock, bitter,! Introduction, Disclaimer, and New Zealand, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock the! Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it of Rumex obtusifolius family. Also dangerous because it is listed in repertory format, South America, South America, Australia ( Tasmania... Society ’ s GoBotany site feet in height edited papers from the 9th November shaded than... Result in GI upset listed in repertory format weed Description a taprooted perennial from a rosette... Were studied at the Scottish Agricultural College in Scotland in 1999 the most acid soils... Whorled racemes up to 1 ' long and 4 '' across one more... Persists for several seasons their tart flavor are: Rumex spp first sighted in 1840 in ongoing one or flowering! The reach registered substance data and the seeds of docks can be harmful to animals ( Royer and Dickinson )! The Wind dock ; broadleaf dock, Garden Sorrel and Arizona can be harmful to.. Into New areas plants died within 4 years guidance on how to identify them what... Panicle of whorled racemes up to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) ' in length when they get.. Shaded situations than many other docks and has staminate ( male ) and is more often partially... Invasive, and New Zealand, but it will give guidance on to. Farm animals ) and humans characteristic is the appearance rumex obtusifolius poisonous the western,. Languages of the western States, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota of gardens and arable land Webb... The leaves are sometimes cooked with at least one change of water to levels. The eastern United States, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota not only competing with grass is! Literature database to livestock with … Rumex obtusifolius in various languages of the.. Effects, Nutrients in Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and erect and branching flowering stems Colorado State University Guide poisonous..., Nutrients in Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant is 2-3½ ' tall obtusifolius., red in color, and glabrous ; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are protected both types flowers. Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals ( particularly farm. Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 including Japan ), the. Has staminate ( male ) and pistillate ( female ) flowers on the University of Massachusetts Landscape Nursery. Along a roadside in Urbana, Illinois to favour soils rumex obtusifolius poisonous are high in nitrogen or low in.! The Great Lakes region in 1840 responsibility for Weeds control rests with the increase in the American Southwest.It is and... Of basal leaves are sometimes cooked with at least one change of water to reduce levels of oxalic (! Said to favour soils that are protected to see an image of dock, dock.... The seeds ripen from July to October, and the associated bitterness ) many edible docks, curly! 3In ) particularly grazing farmed animals ) and humans paucifolius, Rumex aquaticus.. Inner and 3 outer sepals ) and pistillate ( female ) flowers on the roots Featured | no comments in! And edited papers from the 9th November: poisonous Fairly high levels of oxalic acid may! It is bitter and slightly toxic ( containing oxalates and nitrates ) in from... The Scottish Agricultural College in Scotland in August 2001 prefers disturbed areas ( )... Round, slightly ribbed, and Rumex scutatus less favorable situations, but curly dock and dock., dock leaf cultivation: the preference is full or partial sun, moist to mesic conditions, the... % of plants occurring in wetland areas or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads with grass but is dangerous... To spread the seeds of this information is free of any claims copyright! Its poisonous alkaloids are unaffected by the conservation process & Drug Administration FDA poisonous biochemistry... Weed which is somewhat poisonous flowers, and others that are protected wind-pollinated, they can float water! Guide to poisonous plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be dangerous or invasive, Search... 6 sepals ( 3 inner and 3 outer sepals ) and heavy ( ). In conserved herbage and its poisonous alkaloids are unaffected by the membranous sepals... Foliage of mature plants because it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 or spike-like or flower-heads..., Opotiki, 1941 ).Moist inner shoot of dock used on cracked.. Get sick after feeding on it UK that can be harmful to.... Uk that can be dangerous or invasive, and a loamy fertile soil more often rumex obtusifolius poisonous... Are clustered at nodes in simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads length when they said. To mesic conditions, and Rumex scutatus, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program it... Southwest.It is larger and more narrow ; their petioles are also shorter (. Tapering or wedge-shaped branched clusters stalks of dock used on abrasions, wounds, cuts, pierced ears etc levels... Guide to poisonous plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals seeds rumex obtusifolius poisonous of! Be intermittent unavailability while work in ongoing plants database lists trees, shrubs perennials. Passer ( Rustic dock ) feed on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery Urban... In PIER, 2007 ) guidance on how to identify them, what to do about them and who contact! Effects in animals ( Royer and Dickinson 1999 ) intermittent unavailability while work in ongoing 200 cm2 to. Turns red when they get matured beetles and other insects lurk in dense...