4. b-You had better not eat that meat. a-Bob: I'm going to be late. We normally use have to for questions. You ought to dictionary. TYPE USE MODAL VERB EXAMPLES NOTES 1 obligation have to María has to go to Rome must You must see a doctor Must expresses more urgency than have to She had to see a doctor Must is only used in the present simple. don't have to. Tom: Maybe you should take a nap./Maybe you ought to take a nap. It is used to describe an obligation, a rule, something that is necessary. We use don’t have to when we don’t need to do something, when there’s no obligation; and we use mustn’t to talk about prohibition, when there is obligation not to do something. Should Have/Must Have Exercise Should (Ought to) Have Done (V3) Should have + past participle talks about past events, actions that did not happen but it would be better if … You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. You shouldn't eat so quickly : ought to. 8The board agreed that employers have access to an employee's medical file. A - Right or Wrong? In this lesson, you can learn about the modal verbs must, have to and should.Do you know the difference between 'must', 'have to' and 'should'? 8. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. (Future) You must file a petition. a-You had not better eat that meat. must, have to, should and ought to . You, You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! It is used to describe something that the speaker thinks is necessary to do. 2. You ought not to be so strict with your daughter We need do/does/did to make negatives and questions in present and past. I should to go to the post office today. You should tell the truth. I think I sprained it. You'd better lock it before we go into the restaurant. Type all of your answers in the spaces and then and click on "Check answers". OR He ought to be punctual. 1)      I'm hungry. Exercise: modal auxiliaries, should, ought to 3. In (B): If you don't slow down, there could be a bad result. You'd to better not leaving your key in the door. 2. should. EXAMPLE: Are you any good at athletics? @ QUESTION: had better is usually not used in questions. (Future) Must can refer to the past only when it is used with the present perfect of the main verb.. She must have gone home. 10I'm not working tomorrow, so I get up early. In spoken informal English, you can often use ‘ve got to instead of have to. Use it to advise or make recommendations. 6. I - Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO C USE: Should and ought to have the same meaning. I guess it's a good idea to look at them after class. I think they pay more taxes. Ought to has the same meaning as should, although it is more formal and not as common. My clothes are dirty … a-I should / ought to wash them.. b-I should to wash them.. c-I ought washing them.. FORMS: @ POSITIVE should + simple form of a verb (no to). If you need help, click "Show a letter". "I didn’t hear from my father last week." / I have to go now. Tom: You should Maybe take a nap./You ought to Maybe take a nap. Should is not as strong as must or have to. 1. They're too long. It looks spoiled. must have to has to a) must b) have to c) has to. Should: Advice: Logical deduction: You should take an umbrella in case it rains. What should I do? OR You ought to tell the truth. ? But we normally use have to when there’s an external obligation, and must when the obligation comes from the opinion of the speaker. We haven't seen them in weeks, and they really enjoy a nice day at the beach. 3I hate big multinational companies. Modal Verbs of Obligation Exercise A Check through the different uses. Must only has a present form, so for all other verb forms (past, future, perfect forms, infinitive, etc.) What do you suggest? We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. You ought to go to a therapist. What should I do? should + subject + main verb (Ought to is usually not used in questions.). She will _____ wait in line like everyone else. You. Should is used to give advice or an opinion about what we think is right or wrong. modals exercise. Tom: You should take a nap./You ought to take a nap. Tom: You should to take a nap./You ought take a nap. 1The advice from the health committee is that all people with symptoms go to the doctor. Do you know the number. She should find a better job. 9There was a lot of traffic, but fortunately we arrive on time. "You should have called him." had better + simple form of a verb (no to). What should I do? 3)      I have a toothache. to do something. You'd had better to call the doctor today. You mustn't insult people : recommendation. 9. A: My ankle really hurts. You should immediately. þ EXERCISE 01. You should be patient with me. What should I do? 8. Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. N Possible bad consequences: If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will get the job.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will look smart.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, the employer may think you’re not serious. It's a surprise! Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. The sentences below talk about past events that didn't happen. 2. Revising verb forms to express obligation. must mustn't had to a) must b) mustn't c) had to. You should tailors’ to get them shortened. You must see a doctor. Dogs must be kept on a lead. Modal verbs of deduction – must, may, might, could, can’t, have to, must, should – obligation, prohibition, necessity, advice. = I have to swim. Modals Exercises 2. You:  You should / ought to drink a cup of tea. 3. "You should have gone to the doctor’s." 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