Identify the powers and responsibilities of federal, state, and local governments; Modern democracies divide governmental power in two general ways; some, like the United States, use a combination of both structures. The executive branch of the U.S. government is responsible for enforcing laws; its power is vested in the President. The President acts as both the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The state follows a plural executive branch system which in some ways puts … The Governor of Texas is the chief executive of the state of Texas and is elected by the citizens every four years. Article 4 of the Texas Constitution describes the executive department (branch) of Texas. . The executive branch of the state of Texas consists of the governor, the lieutenant governor, land commissioner, attorney general, comptroller of public accounts, agricultural commissioner and the 3 member-state Texas board of education, Texas railroad commission and secretary of state. Texas utilizes a “plural executive” which means the power of the Governor are limited and distributed amongst other government officials. Therefore, the Governor of Texas has no direct control over them. The executive branch. Powers of the President and Executive Branch Among the president’s most important responsibilities is signing legislation passed by both houses of Congress (the legislative branch … The Texas Executive Branch Broad powers over the legal system, state budget and finances, education, transportation, agriculture, public utilities and land development are delegated to officials who need not share the policies of nor even be of the same political party as the governor. Whereas the President has the most power nationally in the executive branch, the governor shares executive powers among other members of the plural executive. The governor has the power to: sign and veto bills passed by the state legislature, serve as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces, convene special sessions of the legislature, grant reprieves and pardons, and fill vacant positions via appointment. The plural executive is when the powers of the governor is dispersed among different officials so that the governor doesn't hold all the power. Independent federal agencies are tasked with enforcing the laws enacted by Congress. No clause says, “Texas shall have a weak governor” or “The legislative branch shall be supreme.” The executive branch consists of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Land Commissioner, Attorney General, Agriculture Commissioner, the three-member Texas Railroad Commission, the State Board of Education, and the Secretary of State.Texas has a plural executive branch system which limits the power of the Governor. - Texas has a board or agency form of government-- About 200 state boards, commissions, and agencies make up the executive branch - The governor's appointment power is significant Texas Plural Executive. The Texas constitution does not directly address the subject of executive power. However, the role of Texas governor is far more limited in terms of power. These officials are elected by voters.