UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE 03 FOREWORD Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is an idea whose time has come. universal health coverage (UHC) programs can serve as vital mechanisms for improving the health and welfare of their citizens, and lay the foundation for national innovation, growth, and competitiveness. Universal health coverage (UHC) is a global health priority, and a core element of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the UN in September, 2015.1 Goal 3 sets an ambitious agenda to “ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages”. Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is driving the global health agenda; it is embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and is now designated by an official United Nations UHC day on December 12. Key mechanisms and its policy impacts of Japan’s universal health insurance coverage There are two models to achieve universal coverage, namely, the social insurance-based universal health coverage (London: Save the Children), quoting World Bank research that suggests that 90% of all care needs can be covered through primary healthcare 124 E.g., target 3.2, mandating a reduction in under-5 mortality to 25 per 1,000 live births or It marks the anniversary of the United Nations’ historic and unanimous endorsement of universal health coverage in 2012. affordable health coverage that meets their health care needs throughout their lifespan. Although they cut across health care markets and family income levels, they pose a particular challenge for low- and moderate-income families, who are experiencing the most significant coverage declines.8,9 4 UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE FOR CHILDREN: CURRENT BARRIERS AND NEW PATHS FORWARD the concept of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) was controversial and often misunderstood. More recently, all EMR countries exhibited political commitment towards achieving UHC by signing the UHC2030 Elected officials and candidates who support Set in 2015, the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) present an opportunity for the international community to continue its commitment to improve health, which is a central component of development. Universal Health Coverage refers to a system that provides healthcare and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country. Primary health Care is the most efficient and cost effective way to achieve universal health coverage around the world. Universal health coverage is needed for people’s health and sustainable development ACTION: All countries must make universal health coverage a political priority. Universal health coverage (UHC) refers to the ability of a country to provide equitable quality health services to its population without incurring additional cost or financial burden (1-4). The idea of universal health coverage is based on the WHO constitution of 1948 declaring health a fundamental human right and on the Health for All agenda set by the Alma Ata Declaration in 1978. The commitment was reaffirmed in 2012 through a resolution of the United Nations General promoting universal health coverage, including comprehensive primary health care, social protection, and sustainable financing. Anything less should not be defined as universal coverage. The United States offers different models for populations such as the elderly, veterans, and low-income people. The aim of UHC is … 2 Policies to Achieve NeAr-UNiversAl heAlth iNsUrANce coverAge october 2020 general approaches that could achieve near-universal coverage by using premium subsidies and different forms of automatic coverage through a default plan. both access to and quality of children’s coverage. Universal health coverage stands out as an extraordinary public investment opportunity on which our country remains one of the few advanced nations still missing the boat. Requiring health insurance has helped some countries, including Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, achieve universal coverage. to universal health insurance coverage from various perspectives and draw policy lessons for developing countries striving to attain universal coverage. Over 1 billion people worldwide still lack access to basic healthcare. 2. It called on Updated in August 2020. Universal health coverage (UHC) has the potential to transform the lives of millions of people by bringing life-saving health care to those who need it most. This trend, together These challenges call for renewed commitments and accelerated progress toward Universal Health Coverage (UHC) - the principle that everyone receives needed health services without financial hardship. As an early example of universal health coverage, it has often been looked to by countries seeking to emulate it. Measuring Progress Towards Universal Health Coverage: With An Application to 24 Developing Countries By Adam Wagstaff*a, Daniel Cotlearb, Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenoub, Leander R. Buismanc a Development Research Group, World Bank, Washington DC, USA b Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice, World Bank, Washington DC, USA c Institute of Health Policy and Management, … UHC means that all people get the treatment they need without fear of falling into poverty. The Universal Health Care Goal aims at cushioning citizens against out of pocket expenditure on health services said the Cabinet Secretary for Health, Sicily Kariuki during the World Health … Achieving UHC is one of the key targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development , and it is the focus of World health day in 2019. These options can lower costs, expand choice, or improve care. Citizens can also opt for better services with supplemental private insurance. And health care workers, the majority of whom are women, deserve to be paid a living wage, basic workplace protections, and the right to form a union. In response to this challenge, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution unanimously in December 2012. Universal healthcare (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care) is a health care system in which all residents of a particular country or region are assured access to health care. The fundamental principles of the NHS are under threat The UK’s national health service was founded on the principles of treatment based on need regardless of ability to pay. Universal Health Coverage Day on 12 December is the annual rallying point for the growing movement for health for all. Unfortunately, in the name of UHC, some donors and developing country Universal Health Coverage in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic: Actions for EMR Countries UHC in the Eastern Mediterranean Region In the EMR, government-provided health coverage has been embedded in various EMR state laws for years. The Political Declaration: Universal Health Coverage: moving together to build a healthier world commits Member States to covering an additional one billion people with health services by 2023 and reversing the impoverishing effects of out-of-pocket health expenditures on the poorest. Nairobi, KENYA April 6, 2018 – The Government has prioritized attainment of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) to reduce the expenditure burden that a majority of Kenyans incur while seeking healthcare.. Universal Health Coverage (UHC) means “to ensure that all people can receive the health services they need at an affordable cost throughout life” and in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted at the United Nations Summit in September 2015, the achievement of UHC is listed in Goal 3 (health … universal health coverage, and in this regard encourage countries, especially those that have not yet achieved the minimum target of 5% of GDP for public spending on health, to Countries often combine universal health coverage with other systems to introduce competition. Furthermore, the ambition is to describe how countries can move towards universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights as an essential part of universal health coverage and to provide inspiring examples from countries that have moved in this direction. In the … But the goal of UHC must be joined with an unwavering commitment to equity. Achieving universal health coverage (UHC), which refers to access to quality health-care services coverage and financial risk protection for all residents, is a key health target (SDG 3.8) in the SDGs (1). At the same time, health policy experts were increasingly questioning the prevailing focus on disease-specific interventions, with renewed attention to strengthening health systems as a whole. Although many sub‐Saharan African countries have made efforts to provide universal health coverage (UHC) for their citizens, several of these initiatives have achieved little success. Those approaches are as follows: • Approach 1. 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