Note   Controlling zone RVR is defined in section 1.07. (c)   the infant is restrained in the relevant position by a device that is compliant with the requirements of, or approved under, Part 21 of CASR. These certifications appear on the type certificate or may be obtained through a supplemental type certificate (STC) process with an AFM supplement. (1)     For subregulation 91.310 (1), this Chapter prescribes circumstances in which an aircraft flown under the IFR must not make an approach to land at an aerodrome. the amount of fuel expected to be used by an aircraft before take-off, taking into account: For rotorcraft operations requiring a take-off prior to taxi, such as a hover taxi from a confined helipad, taxi fuel would be the fuel expected to be consumed before the commencement of the actual departure. (b)   an area of water is the only reasonably available forced-landing area for the relevant period. 26.56  Life jackets — carriage requirements. Table 26.10 (2) – Requirements for equipment – rotorcraft VFR flight by day. The equipment must be capable of being connected to: (a)   an alternate source of static pressure that: (ii)  includes a selector that can open or block the aeroplane’s static source and alternative static source at the same time; or. (ii)  an aerodrome that is not used for the regular take-off or landing of aeroplanes. (2) Level B maintenance check flights are maintenance check flights other than Level A. SPO.SPEC.MCF.105 Flight programme for Level A maintenance check flights For paragraph 91.560 (1) (c), this Division prescribes the requirements for the restraint of an infant or a child when a direction is given to passengers under regulation 91.570 to fasten seatbelts or shoulder harnesses (as the case requires). The emergency fuel declaration is a distress message. (a)   Flights in Class A, B, C or D airspace; VFR flights in Class E or Class G airspace. (3)     However, an aircraft must not operate a transponder if ATC issues an instruction that the transponder is not to be operated. For paragraph 91.277 (2) (e), this section prescribes an additional method for calculating the lowest altitude for a route or route segment as the minimum height for a VFR flight at night. VMC, or visual meteorological conditions, and has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. VMC criteria has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. taxi fuel means the amount of fuel expected to be used by an aircraft before take-off, taking into account: (a)   local conditions at the departure aerodrome, including taxi time and traffic congestion; and. We use cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Table 26.69 (7) – Transponders – Mode A standard codes. a flight is planned to land at night at an aerodrome with electric runway lighting, but without standby power, the pilot in command must nominate a destination alternate aerodrome unless: a flight is planned to land at night at an aerodrome with PAL, the pilot in command must nominate a destination alternate aerodrome unless reliable arrangements have been made for a qualified and responsible person to: There is no requirement for a responsible person to be in attendance on the ground. (c)   the positioning of an Australian aircraft from a location outside Australia to any place at which any ELTs required to be fitted to the aircraft by this Division will be registered with AMSA. Note   For ICAO documents — see section 1.04. 102, 26.28             ACAS II requirements for use. (2)     An approved ADS-B OUT equipment configuration fitted to an aircraft for a flight must have the following items entered into the equipment: (b)   1 of the following forms of aircraft flight identification: (i)  if a flight plan is filed with ATS for the flight — the aircraft identification mentioned on the flight plan; (ii)  if no flight plan is filed with ATS for the flight — the aircraft registration mark or ASAO identifier, as applicable. (1)     This section applies to an aircraft (a relevant aircraft) that is flown under the IFR. (1)     Landing minima obtained from an instrument approach chart must be selected in accordance with: (a)   the specified aircraft performance category; and. (1)     The pilot in command of an aircraft for a flight must ensure that the amount of usable fuel on board the aircraft is determined before the flight commences. assigned aircraft address means an aircraft address that is assigned to an aircraft by: (a)   for an aircraft registered on the Australian Civil Aircraft Register — CASA; or, (b)   for a Part 103 aircraft (other than a sailplane) — the relevant ASAO for the aircraft; or. Table 21.05 (1) — An aircraft in Class A, B, C or D airspace, or an IFR aircraft in Class E airspace, Position report as per ATS or route reporting requirements, Previously reported position estimate is more than 2 minutes in error, Sustained variation of more than 10 kts or Mach 0.02 from any previously notified speed or any standard descent profile agreed between the aircraft operator and ATS, (a)  the level required for the airspace in which it is operating; or, (b)  the capability of the aircraft reported in the aircraft’s flight notification, Leaving a level or reaching an assigned level, Unable to comply with ATC clearances or instructions, If cancelling SARWATCH — report cancellation. (ii)  references to another accessible location of the data and methodology used. Note   Under regulations 137.080, 137.085, 137.090, 138.068, 141.100 and 142.155 of CASR (as applicable), CASA may direct the relevant operator to remove or revise the operational variation, if CASA were to find there was insufficient evidence that it would maintain or improve aviation safety. 29, CHAPTER 8          FLIGHT PREPARATION (ALTERNATE AERODROMES) REQUIREMENTS  31, Division 8.1           Purpose and definitions. VS1G means the stalling speed, or the steady flight speed, obtained in the clean configuration at 1G. Note   Such flight constitutes a formation. AS/NZS 1754:2004 Child restraint systems for use in motor vehicles; compliant with the requirements of, or approved under, Part 21 of CASR. A reference to an instrument or other document, which only occurs in a Note to a provision, does not have the effect that the instrument or document is taken to be applied, adopted or incorporated for this MOS, unless a contrary intention appears. (2)     An aircraft operating by day must be fitted with or carry, as applicable, cockpit lighting that meets the requirements mentioned in subsection (3) if natural light does not adequately illuminate the items of equipment and documents mentioned in paragraphs (3) (a) and (b). (C)   ensuring that each flight crew member has instructions on how to preserve the safety of the operation despite the discrepancy. (b)   in the event of in-flight replanning — the percentage (if any) of the trip fuel for the replanned flight, as specified in column 4 of the same item. transponder means an aircraft’s SSR transponder. (1)     If a flight is 1 of the following: (b)   a VFR flight in Class C or Class D airspace; then the pilot in command must submit a flight plan in accordance with procedures published in the authorised aeronautical information. In any class of airspace, whether controlled or uncontrolled, in the event of an ACAS resolution advisory (an RA), the pilot in command of an aircraft must: (a)   respond immediately by following the RA as indicated, unless doing so would jeopardize the safety of the aeroplane; and, (b)   follow the RA even if there is a conflict between the RA and an ATC instruction to manoeuvre; and, (c)   limit the alterations of the flight path to the minimum extent necessary to comply with the RA; and, (d)   promptly return to the last assigned level when the conflict is resolved; and. (1)     The ground signals for aircraft at aerodromes depicted in an item of Table 2.05 (1), are prescribed standard visual signals. ASAO is short for approved self-administering organisation, and has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. (b)   worn by, or immediately accessible to, the pilot for the duration of the flight. 45, 11.10             Australian domestic airspace — inoperative radio requirements. If more than 1 unit of indicated airspeed equipment is fitted, a. t least 1 of the units must include a means of preventing malfunction due to condensation or icing. (a)   the flight begins from a departure aerodrome with no facility for the recorder to be repaired or, (b)   for an aircraft that is only required to be fitted with 1 CVR or 1 FDR — the inoperative recorder has not been inoperative for more than 21. alternate ADS-B OUT equipment configuration: see paragraph (b) of the definition of approved ADS-B OUT equipment configuration. (b)   the airspace in which the flight is conducted. (3)     Site elevation must be derived from aerodrome survey data that is: (a)   authorised in writing (as the case requires): (b)   supplied in writing by the relevant aerodrome operator. Australian Mode S SSR supports EHS DAPs. 4. The effect of subsection (2) is that for IFR flight, a relevant aeroplane must be fitted with an approved GNSS in accordance with subsection 26.08 (1). Table 26.43 (2) – Supplemental oxygen requirements, Flight crew member or cabin crew member. means a system which consists of a primary fail-passive automatic landing system and a secondary independent guidance system enabling the pilot to complete a landing manually after failure of the primary system. For relevant weather conditions, see section 8.02. the weather conditions within the BECMG element of the forecast represent, a deterioration in any of the weather elements within the preceding element of the forecast — the change indication is to be applied from the start of the forecast BECMG period; and. : An alternate aerodrome at which an aircraft would be able to land in the event that a diversion becomes necessary while en route. The equipment must have an alternate power supply in addition to its primary power supply unless: (a)   the equipment has a source of power independent of the power operating other gyroscopic instruments; or. Subregulation 91.545 (1), makes it an offence to begin a flight if a person is assigned a seat or berth that is not fitted with a seatbelt or shoulder harness. (4)     The aircraft operator must ensure that any person updating the navigation database is appropriately qualified and competent to properly perform that task. 100, 26.21             Cockpit and cabin lighting requirements. (2)     Sections 2.09 and 2.10 prescribe the, (3)     Sections 2.09 and 2.10 prescribe the, (2)     Specified IFR cruising levels for operations south of 80. south are as set out in Table 2.10 (1), so that: (3)     Specified VFR cruising levels for operations south of 80. use NVIS as the primary means of terrain avoidance for safe air navigation by means of visual surface reference external to the aircraft — see section 1.07. (3)     In this MOS, unless a contrary intention appears, a reference to a FAR is a reference to the FAR, as in force from time to time. 70, CHAPTER 20        SAFETY OF PERSONS AND CARGO ON AIRCRAFT.. 72, Division 20.1         Seating for persons on aircraft 72, 20.01             Medical transport operations — prescribed circumstances. DISCUSSION. (b)   the meteorological conditions that would exist if it were necessary to return to land at the departure aerodrome because of engine failure, are not: (i)  at or above the landing minima for any IAP that the pilot in command is able to conduct at the aerodrome; or. The equipment must display turn and slip information, except when a second independent source of attitude information is available in which case only the display of slip information is required. Whether a clearance is issued, or when a clearance may be issued, could be affected by the flight not being conducted with an operative transponder. 2, 1.07                    Definitions and abbreviations. Division 2.1         Definition of special VFR. RTCA/DO-260 means RTCA Inc. document RTCA/DO-260 titled Minimum Operational Performance Standards for 1090 MHz Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B), dated 13 September 2000. must display turn and slip information, except when a second independent source of attitude information is available in which case only the display of slip information is required. CHAPTER 16     APPROACH BAN FOR IFR FLIGHTS. (2)     Subsection (1) only applies if the aircraft is operated: (a)   in accordance with the MEL for the aircraft for the flight; or. (c)   visual reference to the ground or water, but only: (i)  when unable to operate in accordance with paragraph (b); and, (iii)  if weather conditions permit flight in VMC; and. (2)     VMC criteria means meteorological conditions expressed in terms of the flight visibility and distance from cloud (horizontal and vertical) prescribed in this section. Make sure your live animal shipments are handled and transported in the most expedient and humane manner. (b)   another system approved under Part 21 of CASR as having a level of performance equivalent to a system mentioned in paragraph (a). SSR, or secondary surveillance radar, means a surveillance radar system which uses transmitters/receivers (interrogators) and transponders. control zone has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. In the event of an engine failure at or after the landing decision point, the Category A procedure allows a continued approach clear of persons and property, and a landing within the landing distance available at the HLS. means a rotorcraft for which an experimental certificate has been issued and is in force under paragraph 21.191 (g) or (h) of CASR. 20.03  Infant and child seatbelts as restraints, (a)   the infant is carried in the arms or on the lap (the relevant position) of an adult occupying a seat; and, (b)   the adult’s seatbelt is not fastened around the infant; and. (1)     This section applies to a pilot in command of an aircraft conducting a flight in a class of airspace that is RVSM airspace. (1)     The pilot in command of an aircraft must nominate a destination alternate aerodrome if a flight is an IFR flight by night to a planned destination aerodrome that is: (b)   is served by 1 or more IAPs none of which the pilot in command is able to conduct. means an equipment configuration capable of ADS-B OUT operation on the ground and in flight, and that is 1 of the following: means a Mode A transponder or a Mode C transponder that is authorised: approved Mode S transponder with ADS-B capability. 104, 26.38             Flight with inoperative FDR, CVR or combination flight recording equipment 105, Division 26.10       Aircraft interior communication systems. (8)     On descent, the pilot in command must change between 1 013.2 hPa and the QNH before entering the transition layer. (ii)  the other combination recorder is operative. 121.369 - Manual requirements. (B)   ETSO-2C126 for operation on 406 MHz; (iii)  a type approved under Part 21 of CASR as having a level of performance equivalent to a type of transmitter mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii). (2)     For subsection (1), the responsible person must: (b)   have access to at least 2 operative and appropriate telephones; and. 24.05  Take-off performance for rotorcraft — Category B rotorcraft within populous areas, (a)   is a Category B rotorcraft (the rotorcraft); and. (1)     Subject to subsection (2), before entering Class D airspace, a pilot in command must establish 2-way radiocommunication with the relevant ATC tower. 57, 15.05             Take-off minima for qualifying multi-engine aeroplanes. “A system for approach and landing operations utilizing GNSS, augmented by a ground-based augmentation system (GBAS), as the primary navigational reference.”. Note   Part 91 of CASR is contained in the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 91) Regulations 2018 which commences on 2 December 2021. (c)   keep a lookout for conflicting traffic, including by reference to ACAS and traffic displays; (d)   as far as practicable, turn on all exterior aircraft lights; (e)   maintain the last assigned speed and level for a period of 60 minutes following the aircraft’s failure to report its position over a compulsory reporting point (including ADS-C flights), and thereafter adjust speed and altitude in accordance with the filed flight plan; (f)    upon exiting the oceanic control area, conform, as far as practicable, to the relevant State procedures and regulations. air traffic service has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. Where there are sealed and gravel manoeuvring areas, use only the sealed surfaces. (a)   subject to paragraph (b), a line, other than a coastline, is taken to be a straight line; and. valid, for a navigation database, means that the database must be provided by an approved provider. Cessna 210 SpeedBrakes SpeedBrake Airplane Flight Manual Supplement for the Cessna 210 series Aircraft. Category B rotorcraft means a rotorcraft that is not capable of operations as a Category A rotorcraft in accordance with paragraph (b) of the definition of Category A. child has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. Category A performance, for a rotorcraft operation, means the 1 engine inoperative performance (as derived from the rotorcraft flight manual) from which the pilot in command determines the most critical maximum weight that enables the rotorcraft to avoid all obstacles and complete its operation. 26.37  Use of FDR, CVR and combination recorders. 21.03  Prescribed broadcasts and reports — general. to be carried on the aircraft for a flight crew member for the flight — checks to ensure the following (as the case requires): (1)     For paragraph 10.02 (i), this section sets out the requirements for checking aircraft systems for measuring and displaying pressure altitude (, (a)   an aircraft is at a known elevation (the. (c)   for each flight crew member — an independent portable light accessible to the flight crew member from the flight crew member’s normal seat in the aircraft; (d)   for each other crew member (if any) — an independent portable light accessible to the crew member at the crew member’s crew station. (b)   be calibrated in feet, except that, if a flight is conducted in a foreign country which measures FLs or altitudes in metres, the equipment must be: 1. The pilot in command of an aircraft for a flight otherwise contravenes subregulation 91.205 (1) if, during the flight, the aircraft is flying in formation, and the pilot has not a prearranged with each pilot in command of the other aircraft making up the formation to fly as part of the formation. alternate aerodrome has the same meaning as in ICAO Annex 2. 75, 21.03             Prescribed broadcasts and reports — general 75, 21.04             CTAF — prescribed broadcasts. during the same periods as an FDR and a CVR are required to operate under subsections (1) and (2). means an aircraft address that is assigned to an aircraft by: means Mode S EHS downlink aircraft parameters. (c)   the pilot is qualified to use the radio. 28.07  If the MMEL does not specify rectification intervals. Note   In accordance with Annex 15, Aeronautical Information Services (AIS), to the Chicago Convention, the AIRAC cycle documents and defines a series of common dates, and an associated standard AIP procedure, for each Convention State, under which aeronautical information is to be cyclically updated. landing distance available, for landing a rotorcraft, means the total of the following that are available for the rotorcraft to complete the landing from the height above the FATO that is mentioned in the rotorcraft’s flight manual: (b)   the length of the area that is available and suitable for the rotorcraft to complete a landing on. If the critical engine failure occurs after the take-off decision point, the Category A procedure allows for flight clear of persons and property. Note   See section 9.05 for responsible person. (3)     Before using GNSS as a substitute for or alternative to a ground-based navigation aid during an en route phase of flight, the pilot in command must ensure that: (a)   when a waypoint of the route of the flight that is the ground-based navigation aid is entered into the GNSS — the waypoint is loaded from the navigation database by name; and. Here are examples of source and the point of reference: 115 GNSS ML VOR, 80 GNSS CTM NDB, 267 GNSS BEEZA 86 DME BN. (b)   for a foreign aircraft — a provider of aeronautical information for performance‑based navigation, approved by the NAA of the State of registration or State of operator, of the foreign aircraft. ​Aviation Information Data Exchange (AIDX) is the global XML messaging standard for ​exchanging flight data between airlines, airports and third parties. 1. (4)     For subsections (2) and (3), the RVR zone requirements are as follows: (a)   a TDZ RVR report is always required, unless: (i)  the IAP is a CAT III instrument approach operation conducted with the use of an FO landing system and an FO or FP rollout system; and. Vyse, for an aircraft, means the speed mentioned in the AFM for the best rate of climb with 1 engine inoperative. 2.04     Light or projectile signals to aircraft on an aerodrome or in flight. (4)     For anti-collision light equipment comprising white strobe lights only, the lights must be displayed as follows: (5)     For anti-collision light equipment comprising a combination of red beacon lights and white strobe lights, the lights must be displayed as follows: (a)   for the red beacon lights — in accordance with the requirements in subsection (3); (b)   for the white strobe lights — in accordance with the following: (i)  if the aircraft, on its way to the runway from which it will take off, or on its way from the runway on which it has landed, crosses any other runway that is in use for take-offs or landings (an active runway) — while the aircraft is crossing the active runway; (ii)  from the time the aircraft first enters the runway from which the aircraft will take off until the time the aircraft leaves the runway on which it has landed. 26.58  Wearing life jackets — aircraft generally. (5)     When the aircraft begins the flight, it must carry, for use in first aid, such a volume of first aid oxygen as will provide an average oxygen gas flow rate, calculated assuming dry oxygen gas at standard temperature and pressure, of 3 litres per minute per, (i)  2% of the number of passengers carried on the, (b)   may have a means of reducing the flow to not less than 2 litres per minute per person STPD at any, (a)   for a flight other than one mentioned in paragraph (b), (b)   for a flight where more than 1 life raft is carried to comply with the requirements of section 26.60, (2)     Despite paragraph (1) (a), but without affecting paragraph (1) (b), when a single‑engine. Table 21.07 (1) — VFR aircraft in Classes E and G airspace, Requiring clearance into controlled airspace, Before, and on completion of, over‑water stage, Report in accordance with SAR reporting schedules if arranged before the over‑water stage, 21.08  Flights in RVSM airspace — prescribed reports. (3)     Specified VFR cruising levels for operations at or north of 80° south are as set out in Table 2.09 (1), so that: (a)   for an aircraft track from 000° clockwise to 179°— a specified VFR cruising level is an altitude or a FL mentioned in column 2; and. (4)     If, at any time during a flight, the amount of usable fuel remaining in the aircraft on landing at the nearest aerodrome where a safe landing can be made, will be, or is likely to be, less than the final reserve fuel, then the pilot in command must declare a situation of “emergency fuel” by broadcasting “MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY FUEL”. 29, 7.03                    Flights unable to obtain an authorised weather forecast before departure. Note   The fact that a flight is not one mentioned in subsection (1), (2) or (3), does not prevent the pilot in command from submitting a flight plan, nominating a SARTIME, or leaving a flight note with a responsible person. means a person who holds an AOC that authorises the use of an aeroplane or a rotorcraft in an aerial application operation. Overall, this means a reduction in fuel burn, aircraft emissions and airport and airspace congestion. Table 14.05 (2) — Use of GNSS instead of a ground-based navigation aid, Initial, intermediate or missed approach segment. Division 26.2       Approvals, visibility and inoperative equipment. 1. 11.12  Readback of ATC clearances and instructions. (d)   the equipment, whether functional or otherwise, must not at any time affect the airworthiness of the aircraft. Note   Regulation 91.630 requires certain flights to make regular reports or broadcasts to an ATS. AFM (short for aircraft flight manual) has the same meaning as flight manual. (b)   that lands at a place in a populous area that is 1 of the following (a. (6)     Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if: (a)   relevant weather conditions are forecast to occur on an intermittent or temporary basis; and. (2)     This section applies for a flight of a pressurised aircraft that is flown above FL 250 at any time during the flight. (1)     For subparagraph 91.875 (2) (i) (iii), this section prescribes the requirements for a placard that must be displayed inside an experimental aircraft carrying one or more passengers. (1)     This section is for paragraph (a) of the definition of VMC criteria in the CASR Dictionary. (1)     An approved Mode S transponder fitted to an aircraft for a flight must have the following items entered into the equipment: (b)   as far as practicable for the equipment —1 of the following forms of aircraft flight identification: (i)  if a flight notification is filed with ATC for the flight — the aircraft identification mentioned on the flight notification; (ii)  if no flight notification is filed with ATC for the flight — the aircraft registration mark or ASAO identifier, as applicable. Of Annex 3 included the following documents are prescribed and SARTIME nominations 700.! And a CVR references to AS/NZS standards, TSOs, ETSOs, ( E ).... Xml messaging Standard for ​exchanging flight data between airlines, airports and parties! Sar action if a report has the meaning given by Part 1 of flight... To do so in the CASR Dictionary S elementary surveillance, which is distress... 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