Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as … The large stomach and small intestine form a very efficient protein digesting (83,8%) apparatus. This allows for an effective fermentation to break down the tough food materials. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. Diet - Omnivorous Cape porcupines eat mainly roots, tubers and bulbs. Size Their body length can be up to 90 centimetres and can weigh up to 15 kilograms.. Cape porcupines are herbivores and their diet includes leaves, twigs, bark, fruit, berries, farm crops, tree roots, tubers and bulbs. I have found porcupine toilets that have a pile of pellets that have lots of pine needles in them. The size of the spikes can depend on the porcupine’s species with one of the largest belonging to the African Crested Porcupine as stated by National Geographic. For example, the Cape porcupine has a long small intestine and large caecum (which connects the two intestines). Many were even green pellets. Interestingly enough, reports have indicated porcupines gnawing on carrion and bones.Although this deviates from their herbivorous diet, it doesn’t change their dietary classification. They usually cover the porcupine’s body, sometimes even being around their face. Porcupine babies are called porcupettes and are thankfully not born with sharp quills! Characteristics. New world porcupines tend to have shorter quills which you could describe as barbs rather than spines The quills of a baby porcupine are soft and bendable and harden within a few days. In the wild: When cornered by a predator, the Cape Porcupine becomes aggressive, running backwards or sideways in an attempt to spear its attacker with its quills. When rubbed against each other, they produce a discouraging, rattling sound. I have seen other porcupine … It also rattles the short quills on its tail. They will also take fruit and bark. These herbivorous (lignivorous) rodents mainly consume bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits and cultivated crops, complementing their diet with insects and small vertebrates. Adult African Crested Porcupine. The digestive capabilities of the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) were studied using captive and field animals. Cape porcupine. Diet and Nutrition. Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with many spines or … In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. The stomach contents comprised 6,47% of the body mass and had a low pH (2,0).The Cape porcupine also has a long small intestine (670 em). Diet: In addition to tubers, roots, shoots, fruit and insects, they also gnaw on bones. It has been known to gnaw on bones and carrion too. Did you know? It eats fruit, roots, bulbs and other plant material. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). If the predator still approaches, the porcupine will turn its posterior and ram its spines into the predator. Breeding. Location Cape porcupines are … Diet: The Cape Porcupine is a herbivore. You may feed your pet porcupine twice a day, but it is important that you feed them on a regular basis at the specified time. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). Porcupine scat can be variable, but it often looks like pellets — think thicker, more elongated deer scat. You can refer the Rodent TAG Porcupine Care Manual for more information on developing a diet for your pet. Diet & Predators of Prickly Porcupines . 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