Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. Charles Darwin described him as "the greatest scientific traveler who ever lived." Ptolemy’s name suggests that he was born as a Roman citizen but of either Hellenized Egyptian or Greek ancestry. RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away. Admirers of the Greek thinker called him Pentathlos, after the Greek athletes known for their prowess in a number of different events. ", Calculating the Circumference of the Earth, Famous People Who Worked at the Ancient Library of Alexandria, Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greek Scientists, The Ptolemies: Dynastic Egypt From Alexander to Cleopatra, Claudius Ptolemy: Astronomer and Geographer from Ancient Egypt, The Prime Meridian: Establishing Global Time and Space, Euclid of Alexandria and His Contributions to Geometry, How to Determine the Geometry of a Circle, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. In fact, Eratosthenes is said to have invented the word “geography” along with other geographical terms. And i also hop that you enjoy this blog post because you get here both father of Geography as well as fathers in different branches of Geography. Eratosthenes' work introduced the concepts of torrid, temperate, and frigid climate zones. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. According to most scholars, Eratosthenes is known as the father of Geography because he is considered to have been the first person to use the word 'Geography'. Eratosthenes was a 2nd century BC Greek scholar who is credited as the founder of the discipline of geography. Through maps and activities, children gain a thorough knowledge of each continent. Rate and follow … Although Eratosthenes made a few mathematical errors in his calculations, the, canceled each other out and yielded an amazingly accurate answer that still causes scientists to marvel. Some historians believe that Eratosthenes was responsible for the leap day, and accurately determined the distance between the Sun and the Earth. Ancient Greece saw the birth of the study of geography and with it the first true world maps. However, four individuals are considered the founding fathers of ancient geography due to their contributions to the discipline; Eratosthenes, Strabo, Claudius Ptolemy, and Muhammad al-Idrisi. Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. By taking the angle of the shadow (7.2 degrees) and dividing it into the 360 degrees of a circle (360 divided by 7.2 yields 50), Eratosthenes could then multiply the distance between Alexandria and Syene by the result to determine the circumference of the Earth. One particularly impressive feat by Eratosthenes was that he was able to determine the circumference of the earth with remarkable accuracy without even traveling from Egypt. For Exam Purposes Please do not confuse. He was born in 276 BC. The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of ye… Some historians point Anaximander, a 4th century BC Greek scholar as the true founder of the study of geography. Eratosthenes was one of the greatest Greek polymaths, and his work influenced later innovators in fields ranging from mathematics to geography. Economic geography is an important field in geography, but also in economics. and striking off the multiples of each prime, beginning with multiples of the number two, then multiples of the number three, etc. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. William Morris Davis (1850–1934) – father of American geography and developer of the cycle of erosion. The catalog was made up of 48-star constellations that were visible to the pre-modern astronomer. Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. This discussion on Father of geography ? However, these maps were basic regional maps and were laden with errors and exaggerations. The geographer used his knowledge of the earth, which he obtained from the mapping studies done by professionals before him, to come up with a map of the world in his publication “Geographika.” The book introduced the term “geography” to the world. Eratosthenes used the word Geography First. John Francon Williams (1854–1911) - author of The Geography of the Oceans . A noted polymath, Eratosthenes also made notable contributions to the field of mathematics, including the invention of an algorithm used to identify prime numbers. The works of Strabo were influenced by earlier Greek scholars such as Hipparchus and Eratosthenes, with Strabo citing the two in his publications. The ancient Greek scholar and Head Librarian of the Great Library of Alexandria, Eratosthenes (276-194 BCE) is commonly regarded as the "Father of Geography" as he coined the word and, among other things, determined the circumference of the Earth. The modern academic discipline is rooted in ancient practice, concerned with the characteristics of places, in particular their natural environments and peoples, as well as the relations between the two. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, and poet long before geography became a thing. Father of Geography? The Questions and Answers of Father of geography ? Sir Halford Mackinder (1861–1947) – co-founder of the LSE , Geographical Association . What is Geography? Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. So, Most scholars consider Eratosthenes as the father of Geography. He made several significant contributions to science, including the discovery that a year is slightly longer than 365 days, requiring an extra day—or leap day—be added to the calendar every four years to keep it consistent. After hearing about a deep well at Syene (near the Tropic of Cancer and modern-day Aswan) where sunlight only struck the bottom of the well on the summer solstice, Eratosthenes worked out a method by which he could calculate the circumference of the Earth using basic geometry. Unlike Eratosthenes, Strabo was well-traveled and had visited Kush and Egypt, and had journeyed as far as Ethiopia and Asia Minor. The term geography was first coined by Eratosthenese, a Greek scholar (276¬194 BC.). Among his other many accomplishments were the creation of the first map of the world and the invention of an algorithm known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, which is used to identify prime numbers. The list of star constellations made the Almagest a book of great import to astronomers in Europe and Arabia in the medieval era. Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. He was also the first to use the word geography. Economic geography studies economic activity and how it relates to geographical position. Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. Al-Idrisi was among the founders of geography, with one of the earliest accurate maps being attributed to him. He then measured the angle of the shadow in Alexandria on the solstice. Remarkably, Eratosthenes determined the circumference to be 25,000 miles, just 99 miles over the actual circumference at the equator (24,901 miles). Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook. Al-Idrisi would later move to Palermo, Sicily under King Roger II. Al-Idrisi was a 12th-century Arabic geographer, who was best known for one of the most accurate geographical maps of the ancient world. One of the Ptolemy’s most famous books was the Almagest, which focused on astronomy. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. He worked as a chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria for his way of learning. This method became known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, as it works by filtering out the non-prime numbers in the same way that a sieve filters solids out of liquids. The Ancient Calculator - Eratosthenes of Cyrene (ancient Greek/Roman city on Med Sea coast of Libya today) created the study of geography at the Library of Alexandria What did Eratosthenes (using math & geometry & astronomy) contribute to geography & science? Eratosthenes already knew the approximate distance between Syene and Alexandria, as measured by camel-powered trade caravans. Carl Ritter (1779–1859) – considered father of modern geography, occupied the first chair of geography … Eratosthenes is considered the Father of Geography. Professor Mesfin Woldemariam. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Founding Fathers of Ancient Geography. His method involved taking a table of whole numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) The geographer died in 1165 in his ancestral town of Ceuta at the age of 64 or 65 years. The geographer also traveled to Cordoba where he received his education. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. His map of the world, though highly inaccurate, was the first of its kind, featuring a grid of parallels and meridians used to estimate distances between different locations. His father was a physician and when he died his widow lacked any means of support for her family of five. Title page from Isaac Casaubon 's 1620 edition of Geographica. Dr. Yohannes Aberra. Alexander von Humboldt's travels, experiments, and knowledge transformed western science in the nineteenth century. William Morris Davis (February 12, 1850 – February 5, 1934) was an American geographer, geologist, geomorphologist, and meteorologist, often called the "father of American geography". He was the first to use the word geography, employing it in a now-lost work titled Geographika. The geographer is believed to have been born in 100 AD in Egypt. Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. As one of the founding fathers of ancient geography, Ptolemy is credited with the book “Geographia.” In the book, the geographer exercised the concept of segmenting the globe using a grid of longitudes and latitudes. Geographer George Chisholm wrote the first textbook on economic georgaphy and is credited as the father … Life. The accuracy exhibited in the Tabula Rogeriana was remarkable considering the ancient technology employed by Al-Idrisi. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. ISBN: 9781420627053. until only the prime numbers remained. Branches of Geography? The map is known as the “Tabula Rogeriana,” was based on navigation information from Islamic merchants and earlier Islamic maps. During the Middle Ages, most scholars accepted Eratosthenes' circumference, though Christopher Columbus used Posidonius' measurement to convince his supporters that he could quickly reach Asia by sailing west from Europe. By Joseph Kiprop on May 14 2018 in Society. He was educated at the academies of Athens and in 245 BCE, after earning attention for his skills, he was invited by Pharaoh Ptolemy III to run the Great Library at Alexandria in Egypt. Father of geography Eratosthenes FatherAlexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) – considered father of modern geography, published Cosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography. Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (in present-day Turkey) in around 64 BC. He is most famous for his calculation of Earth's circumference and for inventing the word geography. His family had been involved in politics since at least the reign of Mithridates V. Strabo was related to Dorylaeus on his mother's side. Eratosthenes is believed to have been born in 276 BC in Cyrene and was the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. Had he used Eratosthenes' figure instead, Columbus would have known he was not yet in Asia when he landed in the New World. Ptolemy’s map of the world was quite accurate considering the technology of the time and showed countries as far out as China (Sinae) and Sri Lanka (Taprobane). The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of years and was widely reproduced in the Byzantine Empire. Who Are The Founding Fathers Of The European Union? Find right answer with solution and explaination of asked question. Aug 8, 2018 - Resources to go along with teaching from the book "Geography From A to Z" (http://amzn.to/2xH441o) written by Jack Knowlton. Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved the way for our modern understanding of the cosmos. Greece - Just like the “Father of Mathematics,” Archimedes, and the “Father of Philosophy,” Socrates, the “Father of Geography” came from Greece. This was a major opportunity, and Eratosthenes was excited to accept the position. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography. As we now know, this was a critical error on Columbus' part. Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. Eratosthenes was a Greek expert in many disciplines, including astronomy, geography, and mathematics. The map was used for hundreds of years after his death, with prominent explorers of later years such as Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus using the map for navigation. Like, Comment, Share & Subscribe our Channel اردو+हिंदी #Geography #FatherOfGeo #BranchesOfGeo Al-Idrisi credited Claudius Ptolemy for the geographical coordinates used in his publication. Ptolemy was a 1st century CE astronomer and geographer from the Roman Empire. Who was/is considered the ancient father of the study of geography? Eratosthenes is generally considered as the father of Geography. He was really the first to view nature holistically... See full answer below. Born: c. 276 BCE in Cyrene (present-day Libya) Died: 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. The geographer used the length of the shadows at noon and the sun’s rays to come up with a formula that enabled him to calculate the earth’s circumference which according to him was 27,402 miles. Eratosthenes' most famous contribution to science was his calculation of the circumference of the Earth, which he completed while working on the second volume of his "Geography.". A man of many firsts, Eratosthenes is also credited with the first world map in history, which was of impressive accuracy, as well as determining the tilt of the Earth’s axis. This measurement was used for hundreds of years and was even studied by Christopher Columbus 17 centuries after the death of Eratosthenes. Ancient Arabic sources referred to Ptolemy as “Batlamyus” from Upper Egypt. The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed awayDr. A few decades later, the Greek geographer Posidonius insisted that Eratosthenes' circumference was too large. Father of Indian Geography – James Rennell So, i hope that your confusion regarding the father of Geography is clear now. Eratosthenes was born around 276 BCE in a Greek colony in Cyrene, a territory located in present-day Libya. He is a great mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. The father of geography is the very famous Eratosthenes who belonged to Greece and was known for his multi-talent in mathematics,his hobby of writing poetries and his love towards geography. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. The third contained a map of the world in which the land was divided into different countries; it is one of the earliest examples of political geography. This was the first use of the word, which in Greek means "writing about the world." The geographer’s ancestors forcefully settled in Ceuta after the Zirids of Granada defeated Hammudid Malaga. The word has been derived from two Greek words geo (earth) and graphos (description). 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