ALSO, be sure the cold pack contains ammonium nitrate and not urea, it's substitute. It's a key ingredient in many IEDs. I too, want to know a couple of GOOD QUALITY sources for the ammonium nitrate. Additionally, in the explosion, not all of the ammonium nitrate … Calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer is a new nitrogenous and calcareous fertilizer with characteristics of high efficiency and quickly make -up nitrogen, applied in … The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves … Ammonium nitrate (CAS No.) But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. I found a couple of sources for ammonium nitrate of high quality for making exploding targets. Ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Mix the two solutions. Thanks guys for your replies. 1 NFPA withdrew NFPA 490 following the 2002 edition and incorporated requirements for storage of ammonium nitrate into NFPA 400 Chapter 11. Swirl the mixture around inside the container to help it dissolve faster. Instead of having to worry about all these bomb warnings I was thinking more of nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Can be done in less than a hour or so depending how u "dry"(allow ingredients to evaporate). It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). First get ammonium nitrate from an instant cold pack as seen in our previous video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6iMeBxNcZf0 For the baking soda method. 3, H272 Eye Irrit. Urea nitrate WILL NOT WORK. Once You are at The Range It is Easy to Make Tannerite Mix. Yeah, I should have been more explicit there. ... Instructables. Find out more about its hazards and safe management. "Peroxides kill chemists" or so the saying used to go. to make red nitric acid mix potassium nitrate and 97+% sulfuric acid in equel proprtions in a retort with a ground glass. That's how I got here. Rinse the graduated cylinder with water and discard the rinse water. At 1/4 lb per pack (water bags removed) that's 2 lbs for ten bucks. You can figure out how much energy in a gallon of gas by adding up the energy of all the bonds in gasoline and subtracting all the energy in the carbon dioxide and water vapor it will produce. Ammonium nitrate may be purchased as a pure chemical or collected from instant cold packs or some fertilizers. To produce a solid product, the ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated in an evaporator or concentrator. Ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Add 17 measuring cups of water into soda and ammonium nitrate. Next you want to neutralize the solution, which is quite acidic. Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical which is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser. Simple Ways to Make Nitric Acid: 11 Steps (with Pictures) ... Dissolve 80 grams (2.8 oz) of nitrate salt in 50 millilitres (1.7 fl oz) of water. using calcium nitrate and ammonium sulfate to make ammonium nitrate and calcium sulfate. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. Dissolve the sodium bisulfate in the mininum amount of water (about 300 ml). Just mix 45 grams of strontium carbonate, 100mL of water and 40mL of concentrated (15.6M) nitric acid and then boil down until it's dry. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. Nitrogen is known for producing green, lush growth, especially in lawns and turf. 1:1. I know that in the olden days people used to make gunpowder (potassium nitrate) and ammonium nitrate from human urine, which was made by reacting ammonia and nitric acid, so it should be possible. The fertilizer ammonium nitrate is cheap, abundant, and highly detonable. Stir … Solid ammonium nitrate decomposes on heating. Swirl the mixture around inside the container to help it dissolve faster. 4 years ago. 7 years ago. Sol. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Commercially, the hydrogen will come from natural gas rather than water, but that's just cause it's cheaper. Ammonium nitrate is available in granular form at farm supply shops all over the world. Carefully slice open the cold pack without rupturing the water package inside. Just be sure to cut open the pack near the top so as not to cut the pouch of water contained inside as well. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. The salt is hardly found in nature, for its high water solubility. My cup was about 200 mL. I want to make my own, but have lost the 2 sources I originally found. In this video I demonstrate how to purify ammonium nitrate from cold packs. 2B, H320 STOT SE 3, H335 STOT SE 2, H371 Aquatic Acute 3, H402 Note: ANS54 and SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate is 54% as NH 4 N0 3. The forums are retiring in 2021 and are now closed for new topics and comments. Heat or ignition readily cause the substance to ignite or explode. if not how do u make it? Pour the dextrose solution into the dry glass ornament. Start by portioning out your nitrate salt into a small glass mixing container. Ammonium Nitrate and the Texas Fertilizer Plant Explosion. Acetylene has scads more energy than ethane. Use the measuring cup to add 2 cups of ammonium nitrate and 2 cups of baking soda. Then, pour in all of the water at once. This will take some time so be patient. The forums are retiring in 2021 and are now closed for new topics and comments. If going the route of buying cold packs, make sure the package ingredients lists Ammonium Nitrate. The size of measuring cup may slightly vary, but its important to use the same one for adding everything. 2B, H320 STOT SE 3, H335 STOT SE 2, H371 Aquatic Acute 3, H402 Note: ANS54 and SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate is 54% as NH 4 N0 3. A couple of years ago (maybe 3 or 4 now), a UK science teacher lost his job after a practical lesson on how to make gunpowder by historical methods (i.e. The problems arise when someone wants to use ammonium nitrate to make explosives for sinister purposes. Filter it off directly into 84 grams of sodium bicarbonate, which is baking soda. You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. It's raw material of explosion. Use the measuring cup to add 2 cups of ammonium nitrate and 2 cups of baking soda. Add the ammonium nitrate solution to the silver nitrate solution. Ammonium Nitrate Solution Safety Data Sheet 311 04/30/2015 EN (English) SDS Ref. it will flow out of the neck which should be placed in a glass container placed in a ice bath. This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Ammonium nitrate is an oxidiser - it doesn't burn or explode, it helps other stuff burn and explode. See the "Haber Bosch" processes for details, but essentially you split the water into hydrogen and oxygen, react the hydrogen with atmospheric nitrogen to make ammonia, oxidize some of the ammonia to nitric acid using the oxygen, and then react the ammonia and the nitric acid to get your ammonium nitrate (outlaw THOSE ingredients why don't you BATF! A little knowledge can be a dangerous thing is still in vogue. Recently, a team in New Mexico has come up with a way to make … Just saying. The compound is most commonly prepared by reacting nitric acid and ammonia. Mix it with a fuel (charcoal, sugar etc) and grind it vigorously and then you're in trouble. The ammonium nitrate is soluble in methanol, while the sodium sulfate is not. Bit of advise - ammonium nitrate is hygroscopic - it absorbs water easily from the air around it - so keep it stored in an air-tight container. AN) is an inorganic salt with colorless and odorless crystals that are soluble in most organic solvents. It is a good source of nitrogen for plants but in the right (or wrong) circumstances it is also highly explosive, as has been seen in the numerous terrifying videos of the Beirut blast which have gone viral. (rather exotic pressures, temperatures, and catalysts are required. I would recommend using a hair dryer on low or drying in a large flat pan (over very very low heat) instead of waiting 1-2 days as instructed in video. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). This isn't really something you can do at home...). It was first described in 1659 and, currently, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production volume and usage terms. Ammonium nitrate (CAS No.) What kind of fertilizer is "Ammonium Nitrate"found in?? Dissolve 80 grams (2.8 oz) of nitrate salt in 50 millilitres (1.7 fl oz) of water. The salt is hardly found in nature, for its high water solubility. Reply Stressed bonds hold more energy the unstressed bonds. Get 80 grams of ammonium nitrate and dissolve it in 150mL of water. Would you please specify what you mean by 'cold pack'? We conducted an in situ whole mature tree nitrogen‐15 (15 N) labeling experiment (15 NH 4 + vs 15 NO 3 −) over 15 d to quantify ammonium and nitrate uptake and assimilation rates in four 40‐yr‐old monoculture coniferous plantations (Pinus koraiensis, Pinus sylvestris, Picea koraiensis and Larix olgensis, respectively). Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. The Wikipedia article on primary and secondary explosives covers this nicely. This is why your car uses spark plugs and why bullets have primers. Burning ammonium nitrate in an open field, for instance, isn't likely to result in an explosion, Rae said. The Best Time to Put Ammonium Nitrate on My Yard. In some countries it more than just illegal for a private person to not just have the means at hand but also have ready to use explosives around.Just to give you one extreme case: In AU, for simple New Years fireworks and some crackers you can be fined 1000$ on the spot.Get caught twice and we are talking about fines of up to 27.500$ and up to one year in jail.For stuff kids in many parts of the world can play with all year round...Get some nice colored smoke bombs and you face the above plus up to 50.000$ in fines for the fact that you used a device that is harmful to the enviroment and can be used for illegal purposes.What might be fun for you with no harm of any kind planned or involved might be a serious offence in the eye of the law ;). Start by portioning out your nitrate salt into a small glass mixing container. Ammonium nitrate is the fertilizer compound that can be used in explosives, said John Goodpaster, who researches explosives at Indiana at University-Purdue University Indianapolis. Also, of course, if there is any chance of a spark, like if you're using steel tools, you're asking for trouble. and how much do you want? Ammonium Nitrate (a.k.a. How risky would it be to crush crystalised ammonium nitrate (like in instant cold packs) in a ceramic mortar and pestle? Here's the link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2IG49Nw1Fo (, you can get about a little less than a cup if you buy an instant cold pack. 1:1. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. Dissolve your nitrate salt in the minimum amount of water (amount depends on the salt). For the sodium hydroxide method: Place 80 grams of ammonium nitrate in a tall container and pour 40 grams of sodium hydroxide on top. 6484-52-2 40 - 55 Ox. 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