Spectator stands were located in three cubes sticking out from the main facade. It is energetic and impressive, yet on an architectural level, it offers little that feels human, eccentric or warm. However, the ATS was demolished in 2016, although Muscovites stubbornly try to bring it back to life. Constructivist Moscow Map. 1920s–30s architecture movement in the USSR combining advanced technology and engineering with Communist social purpose. Photo-based silk screen prints by Natalia Melikova featuring avant-garde architecture featured at Vkus Bumagi market in May. This school was built based on then new models of education: recreation spots, workshops and laboratories became more significant, and therefore, more spacious. Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1915 by Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodchenko. Designed by Ivan Nikolav in 1931, the Moscow building was designed to accommodate 2000 students. Abstract and austere, the movement aimed to reflect modern industrial society and urban space, while rejecting decorative stylization in favor of the industrial assemblage of materials. Ginzburg critiqued the idea of building in the new society being the same as in the old: "treating workers' housing in the same way as they would bourgeois apartments...the Constructivists however approach the same problem with maximum consideration for those shifts and changes in our everyday life...our goal is the collaboration with the proletariat in creating a new way of life". This house was an experiment. Constructivist housing, Zamoskvorechye, Moscow.jpg 1,000 × 1,333; 144 KB Melnikov House and his Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage are fine examples of the tensions between individualism and utilitarianism in Constructivism. Collective housing projects that were built included Ivan Nikolaev's Communal House of the Textile Institute (Ordzhonikidze St, Moscow, 1929–1931), and Ginzburg's Moscow Gosstrakh flats and, most famously, his Narkomfin Building. by [Aleksandr Nikolsky] and [Lazar Khidekel], Pumping station. Designed by Moisei Ginzburg, it is now a Cultural Heritage Monument on the Russian cultural heritage register. Surprisingly, but the avant-garde ideas of Soviet architects in the presentation of a foreigner were met enthusiasticallyby the Soviet authorities. In July, the restoration of Moscow’s historic Narkomfin building came to an end. Russian Constructivism: history, features, architecture, design He Russian constructivism It was a very influential artistic movement that flourished in Russia in the 20th century and evolved when Bolsheviks they came to power in the October Revolution of 1917. Constructivism can indeed be defined as a movement, as it gathered around manifestos, even more than one.The Realism Manifesto (1920) by Naum Gabo and Anton Pevsner, and the Productivist Group Program (1920) by Rodchenko, Vesnin, Liubov Popova and Varvara Stepanova (later integrated in Konstruktivizm by Gan, 1922) would embody the two different natures of arts during the Revolution … Konstantin Melnikov created the plan for another club. Melnikov House near Arbat Street in Moscow. Meanwhile, many of the original Constructivist buildings are poorly preserved or in danger of imminent demolition. Not only architecture icons, but also residential buildings, constructivist districts and settlements within the limits of Moscow Ring Road (MKAD). There was also the critique that the style merely copied the forms of technology while using fairly routine construction methods. Constructivism took ideas from existing movements like Suprematism, Cubism, Futurism and Dada, but instead of using traditional artistic composition to create work and objects they replaced this with construction, hence the name constructivism. Constructivism: The Latest Architecture and News . Although the station was designed by the architect Martynovich in late 1920s, its laconic facade and the rhythm of its narrow windows made the building look quite fresh and modern even by today’s standards. This group had much in common with Weimar Germany's Functionalism, such as the housing projects of Ernst May. The state-run Mosselprom department store of 1924 was also an early modernist building for the new consumerism of the New Economic Policy, as was the Vesnin brothers' Mostorg store, built three years later. [14] Shukhov also collaborated with Melnikov on the Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage and Novo-Ryazanskaya Street Garage. Clearly Modernist competition entries were made by the Vesnin brothers and Ivan Leonidov for the Narkomtiazhprom project in Red Square, 1934, another unbuilt Stalinist edifice. Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1919, which was a rejection of the idea of autonomous art. The graphic-design highlights over 180 neglected avant-garde buildings in the Russian capital. Share on Facebook. The productivist majority gained the support of the Proletkult and the magazine LEF, and later became the dominant influence of the architectural group O.S.A. Everyone in the former USSR has seen this concrete wall, but why is it so famous. Constructivism is one of the few original Russian architectural styles that have been influential throughout the world. [1] Designs combined advanced technology and engineering with an avowedly communist social purpose. Lenin, who wrote in 1919 that "the real emancipation of women and real communism begins with the mass struggle against these petty household chores and the true reforming of the mass into a vast socialist household.". Lord Foster fires up campaign to save Shukhov Tower: S.N Khan-Magomedov, Pioneers of Soviet Architecture (1988). This building, created by Ivan Nikolaev, was a student dormitory. This website uses cookies. First Glimpse into the Narkomfin Renovation: The Rebirth of a Constructivist Icon . The teaching methods were both functional and fantastic, reflecting an interest in Gestalt psychology, leading to daring experiments with form such as Simbirchev's glass-clad suspended restaurant. (Duration: 7:45 minutes.) Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Moscow is a hard city. [5] Among the architects affiliated to the ASNOVA (Association of New Architects) were El Lissitzky, Konstantin Melnikov, Vladimir Krinsky and the young Berthold Lubetkin. The Taganskaya ATS is an example of Soviet industrial architecture’s asceticism in decoration and great attention to the forms of the building. Constructivism Architecture .. Click here to find out more. In 1925 the OSA Group, also with ties to Vkhutemas, was founded by Alexander Vesnin and Moisei Ginzburg—the Organisation of Contemporary Architects. [6], Projects from 1923 to 1935 like Lissitzky and Mart Stam’s Wolkenbügel horizontal skyscrapers and Konstantin Melnikov’s temporary pavilions showed the originality and ambition of this new group. Besides the world-famous Kremlin ensemble, the Seven Sisters High-rises and the Bolshoi theatre, there are quite a lot of other different unique and interesting architectural buildings. Though it remained unbuilt, the materials—glass and steel—and its futuristic ethos and political slant (the movements of its internal volumes were meant to symbolise revolution and the dialectic) set the tone for the projects of the 1920s.[4]. This block of flats was designed by architects Trifon Zaikin and Victor Andreev. Muscovites appreciated the peculiarity of its construction, giving the building nicknames such as "centipede" and "octopi." One of the beautiful architectural styles well-represented in Moscow is constructivism. De Volharding, mixed-use building by Jan Buijs (The Hague, 1927–28), Russian Academy of Architecture. No city witnessed more changes than Moscow did. The term social condenser was coined to describe their aims, which followed from the ideas of V.I. Constructivist architecture emerged from the wider Constructivist art movement, which grew out of Russian Futurism. [4] Housing, especially collective housing in specially designed dom kommuny to replace the collectivised 19th century housing that was the norm, was the main priority of this group. Before that, the 1930s constructivist monument, an icon of collective housing architecture, had been in a dilapidated state for decades. There were also projects for Suprematist skyscrapers called 'planits' or 'architektons' by Kasimir Malevich, Lazar Khikeidel - Cosmic Habitats (1921–22), Architectons (1922-1927), Workers Club (1926), Communal Dwelling (Коммунальное Жилище)(1927), A. Nikolsky and L. Khidekel - Moscow Cooperative Institute (1929). Constructivism (architecture) Russian Architecture: The Hyperboloid lattice shell of Shukhov Tower in Moscow: Noitrotsky: Zuev: Lattice shells of the Shukhov Towers on the Oka River (near Nizhny Novgorod, Russia), 1929: KHARKOV: Chekists_village: Melnikov : The Melnikov House, Konstantin Melnikov, Moscow, 1929 : Moscow,_Narkomzem_by_Alexey_Shchusev: photo-montage of Wolkenbugel El … But despite the project’s enormous potential, buildings in Moscow would remain “cornered,” and Melnikov’s House was turned into a branch department of the Schusev State Architecture Museum. Disclaimer | This article may contain affiliate links, this means that at no cost to you, we may receive a small commission for qualifying purchases. The "soaring" house is located in the VDNH district on Mira Avenue. It has left marked effects on later developments in architecture. At the same time as this foray into the everyday, outlandish projects were designed such as Ivan Leonidov's Lenin Institute, a high tech work that bears comparison with Buckminster Fuller. Though the openwork Shukhov tower is extremely light, it is still extremely durable. Moscow constructivism. [4] Another glimpse of a Constructivist lived environment is visible in the popular science fiction film Aelita, which had interiors and exteriors modelled in angular, geometric fashion by Aleksandra Ekster. However, this coincided with widespread criticism of Modernism, which was always difficult to sustain in a still mostly agrarian country. Strelka Magazine explores the details of repair work underway at the famous Narkomfin building, with photos by Luciano Spinelli and Natalia Melikova. Abstract and austere, constructivist art aimed to reflect modern industrial society and urban space. Moscow has a lot to offer for a tourist, who is keen on architecture. Публикация от The Constructivist Project (@theconstructivistproject), Relics of Constructivist architecture in post-Soviet & former Eastern Bloc countries (PHOTOS). The leading rationalist Ladovsky designed his own, rather different kind of mass housing, completing a Moscow apartment block in 1929. This corner house with a tower attracts people’s attention with its unique use of color, including contrasting windows and balconies. Architectural diversity is what makes Moscow a great place for travel! Constructivist architecture was a constructivist style of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s. Due in part to its political commitment—and its replacement by Stalinist architecture—the mechanistic, dynamic forms of Constructivism were not part of the calm Platonism of the International Style as it was defined by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock. Many of the Constructivists hoped to see their ambitions realised during the 'Cultural Revolution' that accompanied the first five-year plan. The city-planning of Le Corbusier found brief favour, with the architect writing a 'reply to Moscow' that later became the Ville Radieuse plan, and designing the Tsentrosoyuz government building with the Constructivist Nikolai Kolli. This … Rationalist buildings were still common in industrial architecture, but extinct in urban projects. If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material. The Linear City was propagandised by the head of the Finance Commissariat Nikolay Milyutin in his book Sozgorod, aka Sotsgorod (1930). Публикация от The Constructivist Project (@theconstructivistproject)19 Мар 2017 в 7:40 PDT. But his very bold ideas of rebuilding the … [19], Collective Housing design (Nikolai Ladovsky, 1920), Mosselprom building (David Kogan, 1923–4), Novo-Ryazanskaya Street Garage (Melnikov, 1926), Izvestia Building, Moscow (Grigori & Mikhail Barkhin, 1926), Flats, Zamoskvorechye, Moscow (late 1920s), Hotel Iset (Yekaterinburg, Chekists Village), Maxim Gorky Theatre, Rostov-na-Donu, 1935, The Peoples Commissariat For Communication Lines (Ivan Fomin, 1929), Narkomfin Building (Moisei Ginzburg, 1930), Red Carnation Factory, St Petersburg (Yakov Chernikhov), Likachev Palace of Culture, Moscow (Vesnin brothers, 1930–8). Explore. Their book included only one building from the USSR, an electrical laboratory by a government team led by Nikolaev. Specifically, ASNOVA Constructivism through projects like the Rusakov Workers’ Club targeted individuals’ emotions. written by Vladimir Mayakovsky. The first and most famous Constructivist architectural project was the 1919 proposal for the headquarters of the Comintern in St Petersburg by the Futurist Vladimir Tatlin, often called Tatlin's Tower. Architect Ilya Golosov, heavily influenced by Cubism, was behind the creation of the House of Culture on Lesnaya Street. The movement rejected decorative stylization in favor of the industrial assemblage of materials. Ginzburg also designed a government building in Alma-Ata, while the Vesnin brothers designed a School of Film Actors in Moscow. The height of the tower was halved and used lighter materials. The first video tour in English about monuments of Constructivism in Yekaterinburg, Russia. 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