1. However, as a type of deontological ethics, its basic principle is that the morality of an action should not be based on its consequences but on whether such action is either right or wrong under a set of rules or as implied by the duty of the moral actor. We have an incomplete understanding of the extent or distribution of pathology required to produce neurological dysfunction or to distinguish diseased from healthy tissue, with the neuropathological changes reported in apparently asymptomatic individuals.”, Neuropsychologist Munro Cullum argues: “I worry the pendulum has swung too far.  Peter Benson, Big Football: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Culture and Color of Injury in America’s Most Popular Sport, Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 41(4): 307-334 (2017). Myanmar is a small southeast Asian country that contains about 130 diverse ethnic groups recognized by the government. 8 short videos present the 7 principles of values-driven leadership from Giving Voice to Values by Mary Gentile. Bry believes that this will never happen. A political issue? Kant has gone down in history as one of the greatest thinkers of all time but it was his work in ethics that was his greatest contribution. An Analysis of Youth Football Head Impact Data, Neurosurgery (Jan. 2020), available at https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz563. No, it’s not crazy because we need to continue and budget and run money through the state of Oklahoma.”.  Daniel Goldberg, What Does the Precautionary Principle Demand of Us?  Dave Bry, American Football is Too Dangerous, and It Should Be Abolished, The Guardian (UK), Jan. 4, 2016. Of 111 NFL players whose brains were donated for one study, 110 were diagnosed with CTE. If you took a deontological approach, what would your reasoning look like?  Philip H. Montenigro et al., Cumulative Head Impact Exposure Predicts Later-Life Depression, Apathy, Executive Dysfunction, and Cognitive Impairment in Former High School and College Players, Journal of Neurotraumua 34(2) (2017). Deontology is comprised of two components, which are the  Eamon T. Campolettano et al., Development of a Concussion Risk Function for a Youth Population Using Heal Linear and Rotational Acceleration, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 48(1): 92 DOI: 10.1007/s10439-019-02382-2.  J.S.  Bryan R. Cobb et al., Head Impact Exposure in Youth Football: Elementary School Ages 9-12 Years and the Effect of Practice Structure, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 41: 2463-2473 (2013). Given the obvious conflict of interest, the studies have been criticized on that ground. They’re healthy … And people say that’s crazy. Bry’s answer is that only the football players are being paid to do this “for our entertainment.”. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. But it also means disregarding the possible consequences of our actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. This approach tends to fit well with our natural intuition about what is or isn’t ethical. However, many such studies were funded or carried out by the NFL, owners of NFL franchises, universities that earn millions of dollars from football, and other interested parties. Deontology, one of the most influential ethical frameworks proposed by Immanuel Kant, is focused on binding rules, obligation and duty (to family, country, church, etc. 36 short illustrated videos explain behavioral ethics concepts and basic ethics principles.  Des Bieler, Oklahoma State’s Mike Gundy Says His Team Needs to Play for Benefit of State Economy,” Washington Post, April 7, 2020, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/2020/04/07/oklahoma-states-mike-gundy-says-his-team-needs-play-benefit-state-economy/. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its name comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. And concussion recurrence has been reduced, most likely by protocols guiding when it is safe to return to play. A study of former NFL players found that those who began playing football before age 12 tended to show greater later-life cognitive impairments as compared to those who began after age 12. Suicide rates among NCAA football players are the highest among all sports, but they are substantially lower than the general population age 18-22 or college students in that age range. Deontology (or Deontological Ethics) is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions (Consequentialism) or to the character and habits of the actor (Virtue Ethics). How do the tau clumps relate to the clinical syndrome—do the lesions fully explain the mood and memory problems? To determine if actions are right or wrong we do not look at the outcome in deontology. Your focus must be on the actions taken instead of the results achieved. Corrections? New Yorker writer Ingfei Chen observed that Fisher-Price had been required to recall a collapsible crib that was associated with 32 infant deaths. Deontology is a school of moral philosophy in which ethical behavior equals following rules.  Julie Mack, What Parents Need to Know about Football, Concussions and Head Injuries, mlive.com, Nov. 24, 2019, at https://www.mlive.com/news/2019/11/what-parents-need-to-know-about-football-and-head-injuries.html (quoting neuroscientist Julie Stamm). Its name comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. Deontology respects the integrity of all humans and does not treat people as a means to an end. Where the idea of right and wrong comes from is a question that stems from a branch of philosophy known as ethics. However, in letting the missile launch, thousands of people will die. This ethical orientation uses processes and rules to guide ethical decisions. b. 2. While some researchers and universities feel as though they should refrain from making such amber purchases, their failure to participate enables many private collectors to remove collections from the public or to charge researchers an exorbitant fee for access. They can suffer concussions from milder collisions than would be required to concuss a collegiate or professional player.  Christie Aschwanden, Football’s Concussion Crisis is Awash with Pseudoscience, Wired.com, Oct. 2, 2019. This statistic is up 61% from 2002-2007, perhaps reflecting an improvement of awareness and reporting. Using this perspective, researchers are said to be autonomous agents adopting positive values which give rise to a sense of moral duty ( Spinello, 2003 ). Why or why not. Concussion Suit, New York Times, April 22, 2015. (Probably not; other kinds of brain abnormalities, such as inflammation or damage to neural wiring from head injuries, may play a role.)”. Deontological ethics is a moral philosophy where the usual ethical definition of right or wrong is based on a series of rules to follow instead of the consequences which occur from such a decision. 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