When seed is put down in early spring (March to mid-June), it won’t germinate until the soil temperature is consistently 55 degrees. Vegetative: Warm-season grasses may be planted vegetatively (by sprigs or plugs) from March through July. Use a plugging device to remove plugs of soil from bare areas, and switch them with plugs collected from healthy areas. Cool season grasses. The times and rates for planting vegetative grasses are given in Table 2. Seed in early spring, late summer or fall (spring plantings are at risk from hot and dry conditions over the summer). High temperatures of summer can cause these plants to go dormant and thus planting during summer is asking for problems. The name is derived from the very finely textured leaves, which are almost as fine as pine needles. Cross-section of space planting. Annual Ryegrass Care in Spring. In transition zone states, such as North Carolina or Arkansas, September is typically the best month for planting tall fescue seed. Remove the topsoil (usually 4 to 8 inches) and stockpile it nearby if grading is needed. If applied evenly and lightly, these materials need not be removed. Remove all undesirable vegetation, dead grass, thatch, and weeds so that the soil is exposed. Also consider the characteristics of each site and your goals to determine which types of grass are appropriate. After the sod has been placed, roll the lawn to ensure good sod-to-soil contact. Fertilize in early spring (after a mild winter), late spring or early summer … Cool-season … There should be no visible footprints after walking on it. Tearing creates many ragged leaf ends that quickly wither and bleach and are easy ports of entry for disease. When thatch exceeds 0.75 inch, lawns should be power raked and cored. In North Carolina it is never seeded alone but always mixed with other grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass. Bermuda is a warm season grass and should generally NOT be planted in late fall. Use a knife or sharp spade for trimming to fit irregularly shaped areas. A springtime seeding can also be done. The best grass seed for zone 6 will depend upon your needs. It germinates the … In spring, mow the grass for best appearance. Cultivar performance recommendations are based on overall quality ratings for each of these commercially available varieties. All available prevention and control methods are used to keep pests from reaching damaging levels. The NC State TurfFiles Turf Select Decision Aid program is a free online tool designed to guide homeowners through the turf selection process. Excessive removal of turf leaves by close mowing. Figure 2. The tall fescue enhances drought and heat tolerance, whereas the Kentucky bluegrass provides finer texture and greater recuperative potential. Therefore, 5 pounds of fertilizer per 1,000 sq ft will deliver 0.5 pound of nitrogen. It is a reliable performer and easily started from seed. Kentucky bluegrass / tall fescue / fine fescue mix, Kentucky bluegrass / perennial ryegrass mix, Key for tolerance ratings: 6 = Excellent; 5 = Very good; 4 = Good; 3 = Fair; 2 = Poor; 1 = Very poor. Bahiagrass spreads by stolons and rhizomes. Avoid fall or winter applications of nitrogen to reduce winter injury. To prevent drying of planting material, keep the top 1.5 inches of the soil moist. Hard-to-control weeds, such as perennial grasses with underground shoots or weeds in large areas, are best controlled with herbicides. St. Augustinegrass is a fast-growing turfgrass best adapted to the coastal plain. Delaying planting until the last possible dates indicated may reduce the chance of a good stand by 30 to 50% ("possible dates"). Sandy soils require more frequent watering. The majority of cultivars will not tolerate shade. It is safe to use on new seeds and is designed to make new seed grow quicker and thicker. Build protective walls to save trees if the final grade is to be appreciably higher than the present level. Planting during cool weather in fall and spring coincides with the most active growth periods for these grass types. Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. To control perennial grassy weeds, undesirable turfgrasses, annual grasses, and broadleaf weeds, spray the nonselective herbicide glyphosate (sold as Roundup or as a generic product). This can be accomplished by allowing the drought stress symptoms to appear between infrequent irrigation cycles, by mowing high, and by not over-fertilizing with nitrogen. For seeded lawns: Fertilize the new seedlings approximately six to eight weeks after emergence. Annual ryegrass is a problem weed in tall fescue because it cannot be selectively removed from the stand. Reading the blog posts on the Jonathan Green website will help you learn what is the best Jonathan Green grass seed mixture for your needs. It should never receive more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft annually. Because St. Augustinegrass is fast growing, it needs to be mowed frequently at 2.5 to 4 inches during the growing season using a rotary mower. This is especially so when these grasses are mowed high and infrequently or heavily fertilized. Sodding. Use a fertilizer safe for seeding. Apply fertilizer and lime when the soil is prepared based on these guidelines: If you obtained a soil test: Apply the amount of lime and fertilizer recommended for your soil by the soil testing laboratory. Lightly cover the seed by hand raking or dragging with a mat or span of chain-link fence. In that case, a 25 to 50 percent lower seeding rate may be appropriate. Most soils in North Carolina are acidic and often require the application of lime to sweeten the soil. The chemical in a pesticide that controls the target pest. Sodding is placing sod stripped from one site to another for an “instant” lawn. Control perennial weeds with a nonselective herbicide. Coring will alleviate this condition. So how would you handle a pest problem that is destroying the appearance of your lawn? The percentages are always noted in the following order: Make sure the soil is moist (but not overly wet) before laying sod. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. A combination of seeds of two or more species, for example Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass. While installing, keep sod in the shade to lessen the chance of heat buildup. Bermudagrass establishes quickly, withstands wear and traffic, and recovers rapidly from injury. North Carolina on average has approximately 175 days between the last and first frost. Selection of seeds or plants is especially important when establishing a lawn. A dark bluish-gray color; footprints that remain some time after walking; and wilted, folded, or curled leaves are indications that it is time to water. Apply a starter type fertilizer (one that is high in phosphorus) based on the type of grass and the planting method. Liquid products can be applied to lawns to provide green color without influencing growth. Even when the soil temperature is warm enough to germinate … When seed is put down in early spring (March to mid-June), it won’t germinate until the soil temperature is consistently 55 degrees. Keep planting material moist until established. Centipedegrass spreads by stolons. Start planting your cool season grass seeds when the fall temperatures reach … Excellent sod results from rhizomes (underground stems) that spread, with most cultivars recuperating from and tolerating pest control measures and moderate levels of traffic. Fertilize before planting. By overseeding in early fall, you can avoid a lot of hassle. Otherwise, do not bag the clippings. When Is the Best Time to Plant Fescue Grass?. It has a medium- to dark-green color and very coarsely textured leaves. Kentucky bluegrass produces a high-quality, medium- to fine-textured turf, at least when grown in the right climate. The first step in lawn renovation is the control of undesirable vegetation that will compete with newly planted grasses. 50 divided by 10 equals 5. See the Establishing a New Lawn section for the method used to obtain a good soil sample. Fill areas that settle unevenly to avoid standing water. Sodding is a very effective way to renovate either cool- or warm-season lawns, but it is especially useful if the lawn is a warm-season turfgrass and the damage is concentrated in a few large areas. Improper irrigation of lawns results in wasted water, added cost, and unhealthy plants. These cultivars must be planted vegetatively, and are low- and slow-growing. Apply half the fertilizer in one direction and the other half moving at right angles to the first pass to ensure thorough and uniform coverage (Figure 3). In this case, rake, bag, and remove the clippings. Get professional advice about the type of drain and installation. This may not be necessary if a slit seeder is used. Invest in a spreader. Seed fine fescue at 1.5 pounds per 1,000 sq ft when mixed with either tall fescue or Kentucky bluegrass. Hand raking is the best way to level the soil and work out hills and hollows. Allow time for rain or irrigation to settle the soil, and roll or cultipack lightly to firm the soil before planting seed, sprigs, plugs, or sod. It grows well in full sun to moderate shade and performs well in wet, shaded, acid soils where other lawngrasses may not grow. One group of products that can be used on warm-season turfgrasses contains the nutrient iron (Fe). As with most cool-season grasses, it is best to broaden the genetic base by planting a blend of two to three cultivars rather than seeding a single cultivar. Atrazine (AAtrex) or simazine (Princep) may be applied for control of certain annual grass and broadleaf weeds when sprigging bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and zoysiagrass. The basal portion of the leaf surrounding the grass stem. This is the preferred time to water because it reduces the risk of disease, water loss through evaporation, and improper water distribution. This application will not improve the longevity of tall fescue but will enhance its green color. However, good performance can be achieved with a rotary mower with sharp blades set as low as possible without scalping. Our goal at Jonathan Green is to help you grow a vibrant healthy lawn, and we provide everything you need to accomplish the task. A joint where leaves, roots, branches, or stems arise. Figure 1. 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