But unlike the study of illusions, such inaccuracies have not been shown to have any necessary connection to psychological mechanisms. In both studies visual PA acquisition was reliably superior to olfactory learning. These badges are awarded on a self-disclosure basis. Perhaps when an environment is primarily learned by a map, knowledge of the interpositions of items in the environment is formed in the single perspective of the map. It is tentatively proposed that retrieval is required in recognition, but that the effect of a form change is simply to make the retrieval process less consistent, not less efficient. Review APA's Journal Manuscript Preparation Guidelines before submitting your article. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, v5 n6 p607-17 Nov 1979 It was hypothesized that the concept of cognitive effort in memory is both useful and important. In Experiment 2, events were presented from two differentially located speakers rather than through headphones. Their estimates of the frequency of these external events were influenced by imagination trials; this effect was greater for good imagers than for poor imagers. The magnitude of the vocalization interference effect accounted for 59% and 53% of the total variance at 30 and 10 sec, respectively, whereas the variance associated with similarity was negligible. University at Albany & State University of New York, United States, David E. Over, PhD Since the second study was designed to maximize the learning of associations to the odors and minimize the learning of associations to the figures, it appears that the sense of smell is not as well suited to the PA task as vision when essentially naive subjects are involved. Washington University in St. Louis, United States, Heather J. Ferguson, PhD The journal, established in 1916, contained articles relating to experimental psychology… University of Goettingen, Germany, Tessa C. Warren, PhD The semantic-encoding task removed the modality-specific deficit between LD children and controls. Universität Regensburg, Germany, Nicolas Dumay, PhD Discrimination of second-interval responses (3.6-7.0 sec after CS onset) improved as a function of increasing reinforcement ratio because of elevated response levels to the reinforced CS (CS+), but the effect was not persistent across trials in informed subjects. The last two experiments explored the quality of the assigned labels and the relationship of the label to the visual stimulus. You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. At submission, authors must confirm that criteria have been fulfilled in a signed badge disclosure form (PDF, 33KB) that must be submitted as supplemental material. The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition® publishes original experimental and theoretical research on human cognition, with a special emphasis on learning, memory… It was suggested that subjects may engage in dual coding of simple pictures naturally, regardless of instructions, whereas dual coding of words may occur only under imagery instructions. Journal of experimental psychology. Use of one or more of these services does not guarantee selection for peer review, manuscript acceptance, or preference for publication in any APA journal. The potential significance of each of the normative variables to a number of semantic and episodic memory tasks is discussed. Results show better recognition memory for 10 * 10 matrices. The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. In the first experiment, response time to decide which of two pairs of states or buildings were physically closer in the real world increased as the ratio of the interpair distances approached one. Even if you send a formatted version of your letter to the Journal, we must also have a text version of your cover letter. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation. The type of representation abstracted was found to be dependent on the discriminability of the feature values. In this research, the objective or actual frequency of lethal events served as a standard of comparison; any deviation from this standard was defined as a bias. 6, No. Regensburg University, Germany, Julie E. Boland, PhD Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Germany, Manuel Perea, PhD In the first experiment subjects were given one of six strategies for learning face--name associations; the strategies differed with respect to which of the three or combination of the three components were incorporated. 603 E. Daniel Street Open Data: Protected Access: These errors are interpreted as reflecting the operation of two types of judgment biases. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section. The differential effect of arousal on recall and recognition was interpreted as indicating that arousal affected the retrieval component of recall. Two paired-associate (PA) learning studies observed the acquisition performance of 85 college students with either odors or abstract figures as stimuli and numbers as responses. On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown. This result suggests that the naming effect is not due to attentional differences during training. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases. 8, no. Open Materials: This group's data reflected a linear trend of reaction time with degree of building triad rotation, similar to results with states in Experiment 2. Human learning and memory フォーマット: 雑誌 責任表示: American Psychological Association 言語: 英語 出版情報: Washington, D.C. : American Psychological … You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). Journal Impact Enter journal title, issn or … University of Western Ontario, Canada, Weimin Mou, PhD Universitat de València, Spain, Pierre Perruchet, PhD If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New. A free-recall procedure demonstrated state-dependent learning using alcohol. However, information encoded and stored while intoxicated was more effectively retrieved when later tests of recall were performed while intoxicated, as compared to recall accomplished in the sober state. In the case of illusions, the subject is directly exposed to the physical stimulus object. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, Bridgid Finn, PhD Experiment 2 showed that these larger shifts were not simply due to extended discrimination training. In Experiment 3 a group of subjects unfamiliar with the campus tested in Experiments 1 and 2 learned the location of the buildings from a map only. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review. In Experiment 1, pictures were presented to subjects two, five, or eight times, and subjects were asked to imagine each pciture two, five, or eight times. For the preregistered badge, this is an institutional registration system. Washington University in St Louis, United States, Antje S. Meyer, PhD Iowa State University, United States, Jason Chun Kit Chan, PhD These results are interpreted as supporting the view that the courses of shape recognition and relevant label recall are not independent. Visit the Journals Publishing Resource Center for more resources for writing, reviewing, and editing articles for publishing in APA journals. University of California, Santa Cruz, United States, Aimee M. Surprenant, PhD Subjects reported constructing mediational schemes for mnemonic devices to link the odors and pictures. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States, Jeffrey D. Karpicke, PhD In the present study we examined the hypothesis that electrodermal responses conditioned to fear-relevant stimuli are insensitive to verbal instructions. In Experiment 2, subjects were cued to recall in one or the other order either immediately before or after stimulus input. University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, United States, Elizabeth Roye Schotter, PhD Two experiments investigated the effects of intoxication, expectation of intoxication, and state dependency on learning and relearning in male heavy social drinkers. University of California, San Diego, United States, James A. Hampton, PhD The asymmetry of transfer is discussed in terms of the modality into which patterns are most likely translated for the cross-modal tasks and in terms of the quality of prototype formation with visual versus a,ditory patterns. Human learning and memory. The internal symbols are the outputs of the addition operations: 9, 16, and 25. In addition, a Portable Document Format (.pdf) of the manuscript file must be uploaded for the peer review process. Therefore, it seems somewhat tenuous to offer psychological interpretations of judgmental biases when the origins of those biases have not yet been identified. It was found that with greater density and lesser complexity, recognition performance improved. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States, Gary S. Dell, PhD Evidently, incidental visuospatial properties of a picture can be encoded for at least 1 sec after a brief presentation unless another to-be-remembered picture is presented during that time. Specific intramodal and cross-modal transfer was noted; subjects trained visually and auditorily on the test classes were equivalent in performance and more accurate than untrained controls. University of Michigan, United States, C. J. Brainerd, PhD However, in Experiment 2, where instructional set was a within-subjects factor, it was found that low-codability shapes were not better recognized under the verbal encoding set than the imaginal encoding set. Memory was tested immediately with a yes-no recognition task. Anomalous sentences were presented to sober or intoxicated subjects either alone or with context words to facilitate comprehension. Brooklyn College of CUNY, United States, Peter F. Delaney, PhD University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, United States, Erik M. Altmann, PhD Boston University & VA Boston Healthcare System, United States, Timothy J. Vickery, PhD These results suggest that processing in the auditory system can only occur successively across time, whereas as in the visual system processing can only occur simultaneously in space. American Psychological Association, Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition®. Sentences were of the form The item is X of the item or The item has the item on its X side when items were high-frequency nouns and X was the adjective north, south, east, or west. Expectation had no effect on performance. Brewer, PhD Four experiments on memory for briefly presented complex pictures showed the following: (a) Pictures shown in a sequence for 110 msec each with a blank 5,890-msec interstimulus interval (ISI) were later recognized almost as well as pictures shown for 6 sec each with no ISI; (b) when the ISI was deleted, recognition memory for the briefly presented pictures dropped almost to chance; (c) however, filling a 5-sec ISI with a to-be-ignored picture that was the same on all trials had little or no effect on memory for the briefly presented pictures; (d) when the time between 110-msec pictures was decreased from 4,890 to 1,390, 620, 385, or 0 msec, the ability to detect that they were mirror reversed in the recognition test decreased more rapidly than did recognition accuracy. Interference in short-term memory for vocalization: Aural versus visual modality differences. All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing. In both single-cue and differential conditioning, regardless of the command word used to signal the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), the Vs produced a higher response rate and learned a better UCS-attenuating response topography than the Cs. In Experiment 1, 10 subjects served in each of four groups formed by crossing expectation with reception of alcohol on Day 1; all subjects were sober on Day 2. Attended shape distractors may eliminate the stimulus shape from visual short-term memory thus preventing long-term storage. Implications of these findings for the hypothesis that visually presented verbal stimuli are stored as literal copies are discussed. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) University of Arizona, United States, Monika Undorf, PhD These subjects were found to have information available about the odor quality but none for the name as found in the tip-of-the-tongue state. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition 2019年のインパクトファクター : 2.860 (2020年の最新データ)。 過去のインパクトファクターデータと比較して、Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory … Ss totaled 50 undergraduates. Use of such service is not mandatory for publication in an APA journal. Double-letter memory and test stimuli were used in two experiments on a speek comparison task. We conclude that deficits in semantically cued recall for children with only one impaired modality had their origins at presentation time. It is strictly a referral service. Indiana University, Bloomington, United States, Andrew C. Butler, PhD Three lists of odorants and two lists of abstract figures (forms) with six stimuli in each list were constructed to have varying degrees of intralist similarity. Memory trigrams were presented by one of three methods: visual-concurrent (all three letters appeared simultaneously), visual-successive, and auditory-successive. Vanderbilt University, United States, Laurie Beth Feldman, PhD The similarity among a set of stimuli used in a paired-associate (PA) task was controlled by psychological scaling. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 104, 4, 385-92, Jul 75 Research was conducted to clarify the previously reported recognition superiority of balanced over polarized … Are related to a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page relevant... S- can only be interpreted as supporting the view that the more complicated led. List of printed words ( Experiment 2, 10-mo.-old infants were tested visually contact should. Double-Letter memory and test stimuli were physically identical than when they were the caption! First-, second-, and precuing did not differ reliably between groups values ) journal of experimental psychology: human learning and memory be uploaded for the task. Letter pairs would depend on the discriminability of the coding of attribute as. 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