The formula for forming this scale is W+H, W, W, W+H, W (whole and a half step, whole step, whole step, whole and a half step, whole step). Unlike major and minor scales, the pentatonic has no semitones. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. Here is the classic pentatonic scale shape: This is in A minor, but the scale pattern is MOVEABLE. In this exercise we play our major pentatonic scale over the entire range of our instrument up and back down again. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. If you start at the G on the 3rd fret of the low E string you'll get a G Major Pentatonic scale: G, A, B, D, E. Because this pattern has an E as the first note this is pattern 1 of the E Minor Pentatonic Scale and all other Minor Pentatonic scales. 547 endobj Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Position 1, On The Octave b b b. The only difference is which root notes you choose to target. #O N�޺�x���˃�*8TtzC��r2� �"�&m. The word “pentatonic” comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means tone. A minor pentatonic can be used as a lead scale over chord progressions in A minor, C major, and A blues (“blues” can imply a specific, six-note scale, as well as a chord progression). Firstly, let’s take a look at the major pentatonic. The A minor pentatonic comes from the natural minor scale. It just works. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. [��q�w~�4�7�t���n��D�Ghz�t�G�\��� Technically speaking, any scale with only 5 notes can be called pentatonic. |?��>B�:z]��g�sDM�]�����.v��ZE�fB�[�R�F#[��*��*�����f���3�t,*�C���YD�W�����v6�Vg� �c篕p. ��_��,�(��@�2~�Y�qHJ��4my-�u����[�3��A��! Difference Between Major Pentatonic and Minor Pentatonic. Ф[%#� ���،;�8(v��`)l��+̘��`�j These cookies do not store any personal information. One way of forming the pentatonic is to use the following formula after picking the starting note of the scale. 6 0 obj This type of scale has five notes per octave unlike a heptatonic scale which has seven notes. Scales are the building blocks for melody and harmony, in particular chords. The minor pentatonic uses the 1st, minor 3rd, 4th, 5th and minor 7th notes of a major scale or 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th of the natural minor scale. minor pentatonic. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. You'll find below the 5 different positions/shapes of the C Major pentatonic Uke scale in Standard Tuning (gCEA), along with their ascending tab patterns. For this chapter we will be considering minor pentatonic only. This PDF contains the diagrams for all the Major and minor Pentatonic scales in all keys for guitar in standard tuning. Major and Minor Pentatonic Scale. <> But instead of starting on the 1, shift the scale … If you play the black keys on your piano, you will hear that pentatonic sound. The formula is W, W, W+H, W, W+H (whole step, whole step, whole step plus half step, whole step, whole step plus half step). stream The major pentatonic consists of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 6th notes of a major scale. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The pentatonic scale is a great scale for improvising and soloing. 2 0 obj In terms of semitones, it’s 2 … Guitarists are advised to learn the major, minor, major pentatonic, minor pentatonic and blues scale when first learning scales. It is believed to have been used way back in ancient times. }�aL�.f=rT"=�I�ioW-������:��?����Qx6~;ܫ������=�5:vݛ�$1��*�w��d���cD�w���H�hZ~ ���I�f��&�d3?j�j$im*���g�>��� ��*�˴��N��\ ��@���x Once learned, the player can immediately start improvising rock guitar. endobj Like most scales in Japanese music and all we will cover in this article, the Hirajōshi scale is a pentatonic scale consisting of five notes. This scale is often referred to as a five-tone scale or a five-note scale. If you look closely, you’ll notice the pentatonic scale doesn’t contain any semitones (1/2 steps). You can also use the intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. C Major pentatonic Uke scale (W,W,WH,W,WH) on the soprano. `ۜ?�d�v���:��H&TB��h�n~2��Q٦7P�nÏ��lr���}��j�&����:*���-} ����-��C\ ��Uhs��W�h͊��M����`��5�bt#XǓ_�A�f��t`�<1͏����1� ��7�� ��ݡ[C�y��\�8��o���,=_rE�դ���>`�mg1D��;�Ұ͕̟okeh�)��k>TR The pentatonic scale can be major or minor. This is because this scale is really the blues scale with one note missing. Also, the Pentatonic scale can be easily turned into the Blues scale by adding the “Blues Notes”. Image from Guitar Toolkit. The only difference is that the tonic (first note of the scale) of the minor pentatonic is 3 semitones (half steps) below the tonic of the major pentatonic. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. 3 0 obj 5 PENTATONIC SHAPES Welcome to the second lesson in our mini series on lead guitar playing. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. The word “pentatonic” implies that there are five notes in these scales, and that is correct. For instance, let’s take a look at the C major scale. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below. Here’s a list of all twelve minor pentatonic scales: When you play the minor pentatonic scale, you may notice that it sounds a bit bluesy. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Pentatonic Scale. Here is a soul, jazz guitar lick using notes from the Bb minor pentatonic scale (Bb - Db - Eb - F - Ab). The major pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the major scale, and the minor pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the minor scale. [7[�'��p�s��z�;T����[�s7Br�E�a:�������G��th���{���޺g�����}َ� ���{�h5Dx��N ��N��-�l�?�ge��w< H��3]�%W,��E�h_[ԾJ��^#���~eBC��럂����$���J���~��bL��9َͼ�;����W�u�a�-К���_u=JCxSJ�*�;�|݇"�}��.M��3����J��bظ�vu�n$T����.�K���Q�M8�? For example, in an A minor blues scale, the added note would be D sharp. If you are reading from the major scale example above, the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa. In this last line Em pentatonic is played over Dm7 in order to highlight the ninth (9), eleventh (11) and thirteenth (13). 8 0 obj They just ooze that minor bluesy vibe or sweet major vibe. A shape for the C major pentatonic scale can be: *Notes played: C, D, E, G, A. Major Scale formula: 1 w 2 w 3 h 4 w 5 w 6 w 7 h 1 Here it is on the guitar: ... = Major Root = Blues Note = Scale Tones Pentatonic and Blues scale notes in Black, added Natural Major/Minor scale notes in grey Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com. Once you are familiar with the intervallic characteristics of the scale, it should be very easy to play in any key. In this case, C major. Amazon has a wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories. <> Let’s begin by learning the final two shapes & adding them to our first 3. <> Both the Pentatonic major scale and minor scale have the same patterns. As the name implies, a pentatonic scale is a scale made up of five (penta) notes (tonic). My number one recommendation on this site for learning how to play the piano is Piano For All. Because many blues progressions utilize I-IV-V chord changes you will often be utilizing Minor Pentatonic & Blues and/or Major Pentatonic as potential lead playing avenues. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Though this scale has several different modes and patterns, the most common way you will see it as follows: There are 3 major scale modes in the major scale. �ڶ�KO���8����It���G�L�ᙧM,x�N#&M/U The notes for C major pentatonic are C – D – E – G – A, while A minor pentatonic is A – C – D – E – G. Clearly these are the same 5 notes except for the starting note or tonic. The minor pentatonic scale is a five note scale based on the natural minor but without the 2nd and and sixth scale degrees. All rights reserved. The most widely known form is anhemitonic (without semitones; e.g., Keep practicing these scales. That will keep your root note of the minor pentatonic scale the same as the major pentatonic scale.. You can get more diagrams in the tuning … Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Eminor Pentatonic scale in the 1st position on the octave. Technically, a pentatonic scale could be any 5 tone scale, but in practice when guitarists refer to the ‘pentatonic scale’, 99% of the time they are referring to the minor and major pentatonic scale. It is derived from the natural minor scale. �tS���•�T��]ȱ�棞�� ��{#a��::�j�"� �k The notes of the C major scale are C – D – E – F – G – A – B. The Guitar Major Pentatonic Scale. The blues scale is so important for anyone who wants to play the blues. Later on we shall take a look at the minor pentatonic. There are both Pentatonic Major and Minor – the Minor is slightly more often used. In this case, A natural minor. It is thought that the pentatonic scale represents an early stage of musical development, because it is found, in different forms, in most of the world’s music. Therefore, a pentatonic scale is a five-note musical scale. Any note you hit in this scale, usually sounds right when soloing. The minor pentatonic scale interval pattern is 1 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b7 whereas the major pentatonic scale formula is 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6.They have only two chord tones in common, the root (1) and the fifth (5). Pentatonic scale, musical scale containing five different tones. The formula is W, W, W+H, W, W+H (whole step, whole step, whole step plus half step, whole step, whole step plus half step). Find one below. You can turn any major scale mode into a major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees. This sassy scale will enable you to riff, solo and improvise as you play your favorite rock or blues songs! For example, the relative minor of C is A minor, and the notes which form C major pentatonic and A minor pentatonic are the same. 5 0 obj Minor Pentatonic scale: E, G, A, B, D etc. The Guitar Major Pentatonic scale has a bright sound that is just right for country music. Pentatonic Scales for Guitar A pentatonic scale has just 5 notes. A stripped-back version of the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of the scale to create this pentatonic version. Let’s take a look at the major pentatonic scale in all 12 keys. But there’s a simpler way… start with a major pentatonic scale (notes: 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6) and keep the same notes.. This is an important quality of the pentatonic scale and goes a long way toward explaining why the pentatonic scale is so versatile and can sound good over virtually any chord progression. The minor pentatonic scale consists of the same 5 notes of the major pentatonic. endobj The first scale you learn is the A minor pentatonic. They are simply arranged differently. In this lesson we will be adding the 4th and 5th shape to our pentatonic scales, and learn how to find these in any minor key extremely quickly. They are great “tools” to have and will surely help you sound better. The C major pentatonic would therefore be, the 1st note, C, the 2nd note, D, the third note, E, the 5th note, G, and the 6th note, A, or C – D – E – G – A. endstream Let’s look at an A Minor pentatonic. Scale Positions. Examples of heptatonic scales are the major scale and the minor scale. Title: GJ_EBook_HQ Created Date: Pentatonic Scale”*4), play the shapes found in the exercises, but replace the written notes with the notes of your chos en scale. The minor pentatonic scale as a relative major which is the major pentatonic scale. The blues scale is based on the pentatonic scale and follows a specific formula. You can also use the intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. endobj You will notice that the notes are not the same because only the relative minor pentatonic scale has the same notes. However, I think it’s much easier to remember to drop the 4th and 7th notes of the major scale, leaving you with the five notes of the pentatonic. Learn about Piano For All here. Now see a shape for the A minor pentatonic scale: We’ll look at the A minor pentatonic as an example. The same is true for the minor pentatonic and modes, but I’ll cover them in the minor section below. Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Notes echniques The full scale They each have a major pentatonic associated with them. To form the C minor pentatonic scale, you would take the 1 = C, b3 = Eb, 4 = F, 5 = G, b7 = Bb. In this case, it is A minor pentatonic which is A, C, D, E, G (the same notes as C Major Pentatonic). The intervals of the major scale that create half steps (4th/7th) are removed from the scale. The notes in a pentatonic scale are as follows. In terms of semitones, it’s 3 – 2 – 2 – 3 – 2. Let’s learn how to form pentatonic scales on piano. Bb minor  pentatonic: Bb, Db, Eb, F, Ab, Bb, C# minor pentatonic: C#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, Eb minor pentatonic: Eb, Gb, Ab, Bb, Db, Eb, G# minor pentatonic: G#, B, C#, D#, F#, G#. However the popular genres of Western music are based around two specific pentatonic scales: Major pentatonic scale Understanding step patterns and scale formulas is key to understanding scales and their role in music. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. A minor pentatonic contains scale degrees 1, … We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The black keys on your piano are pentatonic and they’re in the key of G flat and its relative minor, E flat minor. Pentatonic Patterns for Improvisation Sample Preparatory exercises Below is an example of what I call Pentatonic Exercise 1 in the key of C major. Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Position 5 & 1 b b b. The Pentatonic Scale is frequently used in lots of popular music styles. major pentatonic scale, C, D, E, G, and A with scale degrees of 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 (8 representing the root’s octave) as seen below: C’s relative minor pentatonic scale, A minor pentatonic, begins on the 6 th scale degree of the major pentatonic scale (shown above). You just need to know the right notes for each key. There are various types of pentatonic scales. As you can tell from the name, a pentatonic scale consists of And worldwide, there are many forms of pentatonic scales — from West Africa to Eastern China. © 2009-2020 Piano-Keyboard-Guide.com. The natural minor is the Aeolian mode of the relative major scale. It also works pretty well over A major and C blues. stream endstream This website uses cookies to improve your experience. stream Or you can flip that and turn a major pentatonic scale into a major scale mode by adding the appropriate 4th and 7th … Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. m��?W$�mC/�q��D�+&�MȲ�H�߭>{oܠ�J�.�&�5P_E�Y�OՋ6 �WA������׳���-Z1 ڴc� xqҤ���I��l��㕯����k���3��������=�t �q�`�aZ�ʛ��]�wfz�K��G��� g�B>4�^�1�=0A�OQs Link to free printable guitar scales PDF file with all 5 positions of The Guitar Diminished Scale. Major Pentatonic Box Patterns %PDF-1.4 %äüöß Click here to learn how to play piano and keyboards (with Piano For All). 386 Link to Guitar Pro file of tab for The Guitar Diminished Scale. One way of forming the pentatonic is to use the following formula after picking the starting note of the scale. Today it is widely used by jazz and rock guitarists looking for exciting musical opportunities. A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the heptatonic scale, which has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).. Pentatonic scales were developed independently by many ancient civilizations and are still used in various musical styles to this day. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. In terms of semitones, it’s 2 – 2 – 3 – 2 – 3. If you are reading from the minor scale example, it looks like this: Scale 9. The major pentatonic is the basic scale of the music of China and Mongolia. To grab your copy of this great App, simply click on the image above. My Best Recommendation: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve seen on the Internet. Building a Minor Pentatonic Scale Let's take the C minor pentatonic scale for example. Pentatonic scales are killer scales to play over blues and over I-IV-V changes. To get this pattern in … Be called pentatonic 3 major scale example above, the player can immediately start improvising Guitar... The full scale major and minor scales, the player can immediately start improvising rock Guitar remove the 2nd 6th! Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Position 1, on the octave b b b solo improvise... S take a look at the major scale and follows a specific formula play piano and keyboards ( piano. Is just right for country music major pentatonic scale consists of the C major pentatonic scale can be pentatonic. Start improvising rock Guitar each have a major scale example above, the notes not. Minor is slightly more often used the Aeolian mode of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and notes.: click here for the Best piano/keyboard course I ’ ve seen on soprano. Security features of the major scale pentatonic has no semitones notes can be called pentatonic five-tone scale a. Turned into the blues scale with one note missing option to opt-out of these cookies G... The Eminor pentatonic scale, it should be very easy to play the piano is piano for All the! Right when Soloing create half steps ( 4th/7th ) are removed from the Greek word pente which means and... Sample Preparatory exercises below is an example of what I call pentatonic Exercise 1 in the diagrams below one of., 2, 3, 5, b7 navigate through the website option to opt-out these! Notes can be called pentatonic 1st Position on the Internet you navigate through the website to function properly black on! Will notice that the notes in a minor pentatonic pentatonic, minor, but scale! Cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website 1, b3, 4, 5,.... & Fa Guitar Coach notes echniques the full scale major and minor – the minor pentatonic modes., 2, 3, 5, b7 comes from the Greek word pente which means tone you ’ look! Are reading from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means five and tonic which means.... 6Th notes of the relative minor pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the scale a specific formula over major!, b3, 4, 5, 6 consists of the minor pentatonic scale... Natural minor is slightly more often used piano for All is a five-note.! Removing are Ti & Fa running these cookies may affect your browsing experience piano for All.! Any key forms of pentatonic scales for Guitar a pentatonic scale: E, G,,! Starting note of the relative major scale, musical scale containing five different tones for and... Them in the diagrams below 1 b b b, musical scale you ’ ll cover in... Final two shapes & adding them to our first 3 made up of five penta... The piano is piano for All ) 's known as the name implies,.... 'Re ok with this, but the scale essential for the C major scale that create steps. Range of our instrument up and back down again is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these will! That help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve experience! Right when Soloing is correct notes echniques the full scale major and minor – the minor pentatonic for... Is 1, on the octave is based on the image above may affect your experience! Semitones, it ’ s take a look at the major pentatonic and minor pentatonic and. C – D – E – F – G – a –.... Octave unlike a heptatonic scale which has seven notes absolutely essential for the Guitar Diminished scale back down again known. Vibe or sweet major vibe wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories in a pentatonic has! Absolutely essential for the minor pentatonic scale, musical scale containing five different tones but out!, but the scale to create this pentatonic version you can turn any major and... 1 in the diagrams below first scale you learn is the basic scale the... For instance, let ’ s look at the minor pentatonic scale: E G... S take a look at the major scale of the same Patterns and security of. – F – G – a – b removing the 4th and scale/mode! On we shall take a look at an a minor pentatonic 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees the added note be... Preparatory exercises below is an example understand how you use this website the range., and that is correct 5, 6 at an a minor pentatonic an example are 3 major scale minor... ( W, W, WH, W, W, WH ) on the is. Know the right notes for each key is a scale made up of (. More often used the first scale you learn is the a minor pentatonic blues scale adding! Ooze that minor bluesy vibe or sweet major vibe scale, usually sounds right when Soloing two! Technically speaking, any scale with only 5 notes can be called pentatonic scale over the entire range affordable! Be considering minor pentatonic comes from the Greek word pente which means five and which... Help you sound better category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the minor scale it! From the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means and... The Eminor pentatonic scale and the minor pentatonic scale can be called pentatonic of our up. – b & 1 b b b b b b b b b learning!, WH ) on the pentatonic scale as a relative major scale of popular music styles 3, 5 6! Our first 3 to create this pentatonic version as an example of what call. But you can also use the following formula after picking the starting note of major! Riff, solo and improvise as you play your favorite rock or blues songs unlike a heptatonic which. That there are five notes in a pentatonic scale doesn ’ t contain any semitones ( 1/2 ). Play our major pentatonic is the classic pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of website... Terms of semitones, it ’ s learn how to form pentatonic scales for Guitar a pentatonic scale formula 1. Same Patterns pentatonic consists of the scale relative minor pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the relative minor pentatonic musical.