Seven books and articles on Extensive Reading: www.orianit.edu-negev.gov.il/english/files/reading/articles/extenrdg.doc. 375-411, Hafiz, F.M and Tudor, I. There is ‘a spread of effect from reading competence to other language skills ~ writing, speaking and control over syntax.’ (Elley 1991) The same phenomenon is noted by Day and Bamford (1998: 32-39) but they even note evidence of improvements in the spoken language. Too much unknown language prevents students from reading quickly and fluently. Extensive reading enhances general language competence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Thanks a lot for taking the time to comment. The reading material is relatively easy for the level of the students. However, too often learners are found to be reading books that are much too difficult and therefore hardly considered pleasurable. Benefits of Extensive Reading By Edna Orozco López and Miguel de la Ferrelle OrtizWhat is extensive reading?According to Richard Day extensive reading means that students read many andeasy books for information and enjoyment. By presenting items in context, it also makes the deduction of meaning of unknown items easier. Its attention is paid to the meaning of the text itself not the language. Extensive reading is a type of reading where you engage with different types of reading material. The journals Reading in a Foreign Language and the International Journal of Foreign Language Learning are also good sources of research studies supporting ER. It is pretty obvious that extensive reading helps students become better readers. It also enhances collaboration among students, as it sometimes done in pair or group work. This helps them to consolidate what they already know and to extend it. Students … Extensive Reading provides opportunities to see grammar in context so learners can deepen their understanding of how grammar is really used. Waring, R. The Inescapable Case for Extensive Reading. Reading your imagination and Creativity increases, It … the objective are improve their overall comprehension skills and give them an active vocabulary. For example, Cho andKrashen (1994) reported that their four adult ESL learners increased competence in both listening and speaking abilities through reading extensively. e) Lack of understanding of ER and its benefits. use of simplified texts15, with particular advantages seen in the development of reading fluency. These include gains in reading and writing competence, oral and aural skills, vocabulary growth, and increases in motivation, self-esteem and empathy. Extensive reading offers a lot of benefits (provided you enjoy reading). There are no tests, no exercises, no questions and no dictionaries. Learn more about the meaning, examples & advantages of extensive reading in order to develop reading skills to improve your performance at work. The readers read in the text, focusing on the new vocabulary, grammatical forms, the purpose of the author and the problems of the text. The purpose of … Seven Extensive Reading websites: Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading are … They know the product well enough and trust the company (depending on the marketing tactics and success of the product, of course). g) Resistance from teachers, who find it impossible to stop teaching and to allow learning to take place. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. And most learners believe that practice makes perfect. Schmidt, Ken   Lower level Extensive reading Opportunities for Lower-level Learners of EFL/ESL. Bamford, Julian and Richard Day. Extensive reading is moving away from the intensive reading of answer identification in your Cambridge, TOEFL or IELTS exams, and the reading skills of skimming and scanning toward a more relaxed form of reading; the kind of reading you do on the sofa because you want to, because there is nothing on TV or there’s nothing on your streaming service worth watching. http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/October2002/day/day.html, Elley, W.B  (1991)  ‘Acquiring literacy in a second language: the effect of book-based programmes.’   Language Learning. As well as providing an avenue for relaxation, reading provides an ideal way to unwind at the end of a hectic day. The course language will be English but the course is suitable for teachers of any languages. We know from research that fluent readers are better readers (i.e., score higher on measures of reading comprehension) than slow readers. Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. E.g. (Hoey 2005). If your local library does not have any graded readers, then urge your librarian to … Let me know in the comments below! The teacher asks as a guide, monitor and role model. Here is a digest of what I consider to be the seven most important benefits: It is widely accepted that people become good readers through reading, and that learning how to read should mean a primary focus of attention on the meaning rather than the language of the text. 1. There has been some research on the differences between fiction and non-fiction texts in reading programmes, although most studies are based on L1 contexts. The idea that learners can develop their language knowledge through extensive reading is attractive for several reasons. Analyzing the Extensive Reading Approach: Benefits and Challenges in the Mexican Context Analizando el enfoque de la lectura extensiva: beneficios y retos en el contexto Mexicano Aurora Varona Archer aurovarona@yahoo.com.mx Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). You can use context to figure out most of the words you don’t know in a text and, with extensive reading, you don’t exert yourself too much. Extensive Reading gives students chances to read longer pieces of reading, which they choose, which they can read at their own speed and at their own ability level. To promote learner autonomy extensive reading should be a student-managed activity. It is highly motivating for students to discover that they can read in English and that they enjoy it. The readers read books after books. Extensive reading creates and sustains motivation to read more, The virtuous circle - success leading to success - ensures that, as we read successfully in the foreign language, so we are encouraged to read more. Read on!. Reading purposes focus on: pleasure, information and general understanding. Oxford University Press, Japan, Waring, Rob  (2006)  ‘Why Extensive Reading should be an indispensable part of all language programmes’. This relates back to the point at the beginning of the need to find ‘compelling’, not merely interesting, reading material. The reading material is easy. (Peter Lutzker). 41.
3. 3. Students are highly unlikely to encounter vocabulary sufficient times within the classroom to learn it. There is work on the non-linear reading required by Internet users in Murray and Macpherson (2005), and articles on hypermedia by Richards (2000), and Ferradas Moi (2008) and some interesting reflections in Johnson  (2006). It can be done anywhere, at any time of day. (see references for websites) And there is the indispensable annotated bibliography, http://www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, Extensive reading develops learner autonomy. (2004). So Extensive Reading has a lot to offer - both for our students and ourselves. The Benefits of Extensive Reading (ER) Richard R. Day There have been a number of experimental and quasi-experimental studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of ER and to provide support for the use of ER in English as a second language (ESL) and EFL classroom settings. Kroll, Barbara (ed) (2003) Exploring the Dynamics of Second Language Writing. The simplest task is a timed read. Maley (2008) deals with ER comprehensively. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. (2003)  ‘Hyperfiction: Explorations in Texture’ in  B.Tomlinson (ed)  (2003)  Developing Materials for Language Teaching. Journal of Reading, 37, 662–667. Day, R. and J. Bamford, 2004, Extensive Reading Activities for Teaching Language, Cambridge University Press. on, Waring, Rob  (2000)  The ‘Why’ and ‘How’ of Using Graded Readers. People who read before bed develop a sleep association, their body identifying reading with falling asleep, which … Therefore, intensive reading means that type of reading in which the material has to be read carefully and thoroughly, to get specific details. Extensive reading imbibes in the readers a wide store of vocabulary. 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