Zoysia Lawns USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. [2] When exposed to prolonged drought, it easily adapts by developing deeper rooting systems. 1950. [10][8] Nevertheless, sod is sold at a steep price. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. [5][7] It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native, No County Data: ... Zoysia japonica Steud. Zoysia japonica is the Zoysia species most widely used as a turfgrass, mainly in Asia, North and South America, and Australia, and numerous commercial cultivars of have been Z. japonica developed in these regions. Zoysia Japonica is the only one of the three that can be established from seeds, but otherwise Zoysia Grass can be established from sprigs, plugs, or sod. A. In addition, some cultivars grow well from seed. [10] It was originally cultivated such climates in China, Japan, and Korea. [10] Although it can be planted at almost any time of year, late summer planting is discouraged. Origin and characteristics. It is the progeny of three parent plants (all Z. japonica). The search for a Zoysia japonica selection with good sod and seed production was nearing its goal. Meyer zoysia grass – Dark green color with a fine leaf texture. Empire Zoysia Zoysia japonica ‘SS500’ EMPIRE™ Turf grows Australia Wide and provides a lawn grass which is easy to look after. [10], Some accounts have it being used for horse pastures in Japan, and for Christian burial tombs in Korea. Meyer zoysiagrass is an improved strain of Zoysia japonica. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions. Geo Zoysia. The common types of Zoysia Japonica which are available around Australia are Empire Zoysia and Platinum Zoysia. Turfgrass for lawns, golf courses, sports fields, commercial landscapes, roadsides and in areas where high foot traffic occurs. Zoysia japonica is the only zoysiagrass species that can be established from seed. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils. It has a light green color and coarse leaves. Establish slower than most other grass types. [3], Zoysia japonica is most commonly used as turfgrass. Zoysia Hybrid. The following are just a few available varieties and their primary characteristics: 1. Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. Most Zoysia grass types are well-adapted to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate climates in Australia. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Latin: Zoysia japonica 'Meyer Z-52' Gardeners recognize lawns as a necessary evil in the landscape. 2. Zoysia japonica: This particular species was introduced into the United States in the late 1800’s and is commonly called Japanese or Korean lawngrass. El toro zoysia grass – Medium-bladed leaf texture. [3] Experts suggest that it is mown to a height of 0.5-2.5 inches every 5–10 days. Zoysia japonica is suitable for all the warmer regions and crossover temperate regions of Australia. 200. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from June to August. Noteworthy Characteristics. Sod may be laid as late as early September. The grass spreads by above-ground stems called stolons and underground stems called rhizomes. They graze on the seeds produced at the top of the grass. Zoysiagrasses are native to southeastern Asia and New Zealand and are common along coastal grasslands. No serious insect or disease problems. ... Classifications and Characteristics. ID - 89781. [3] Today, Z. japonica has become one of the most widely used species of turfgrass in the United States, serving as a close alternative to bermudagrass. Although seed is available, this grass is usually established through … Symbol Key - ZOJA. [3][8][5] An adventitious root system grounds the grass. Geo Zoysia is easily one of the most beautiful turfgrasses you will find in a … Grow in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. The grass thrives in extremely hot and humid climates. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. It also has a long history of use as a grazed pasture grass in Japan for horses and, more Characteristics. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Known as zoisia, zoysia, and in other times magical grass due to the many advantages it presents, it is a species of grass native to Southeast Asia. Mow regularly to a height of 1" to 2" tall. Zoysia japonica (commonly known as Korean lawngrass,[1] zoysiagrass or Japanese lawngrass) is a species of creeping, mat-forming, short perennial grass that grows by both rhizomes and stolons. [2], Zoysia japonica makes up a large part of sika deer diets. Brown patch and dollar spot are infrequent disease problems. It is also often used in golf course fairways and tees. On average, it requires 1.0-1.5 inches of irrigation a week. It has a relatively fine leaf which is soft to touch, excellent wear tolerance and thrives in extreme heat and humidity. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Zoysia Japonica - Japanese Lawn Grass Japonica is a medium textured , slow growing grass that spreads aggressively with rhizomes and stolons. It is often used on golf course fairways, teeing grounds, and roughs. Zoysia Emerald [4] Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus. Wetland Status. In the natural habitats, the Zoysia species (except Z. japonica) have strong salt tolerance.Because they have a low canopy but moderate to weak shade tolerance, in the humid Pacific Rim zoysia grasses prefer costal habitats, where no other plant can survive. Performs best in full sun but will tolerate moderate shade. It is adapted to tropical, subtropical and temperate climates with varieties such as Zenith exhibiting higher cold tolerance. It produces leaf all year round, flowering starts from June to August, and the seeds it ripens from June to August. [8], Zoysia japonica needs a humid climate to survive. Zoysia japonica, often called Korean or Japanese lawn grass, was introduced into the U.S. in 1895. It can be planted in all soil types but prefers a well-drained soil which must be moist at all times. Manual of the grasses of the United States< /cite > . [3], 'El Toro' and 'Belair' are the newest cultivars of Z. japonica from the USDA. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. Goes dormant and turns brown in the winter. Description: Zoysia is a hardy summer grass. It is characterized by having lanceolate, green leaves. Palisades zoysia grass – Dark green-colored leaf with a medium-coarse texture. For more specific cultural information on the growing of zoysia, see "Establishment and Care of Zoysiagrass Lawns" (University of Missouri Extension publication G6706) which is available for inspection or purchase at the Kemper Center Information Desk. Since Zoysia grass has been propagated for the past 100 years, several strains or varieties have evolved(1). Emerald is a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia matrella, it has a thin bladed leaf, and one of the slowest growth rates of the Zoysia family. This plant has no children Legal Status. Sprigs and plugs are best planted in mid to late spring. It forms a dense turf and is extremely slow to spread. Zoysiagrasses are important turf plants used for school playgrounds, parks, golf courses, and sports fields. Zoysia japonica. It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. Its growing season starts from the late spring till early summer. Meyer zoysia grass is classified as a premium lawn grass and is commonly grown on both commercial and residential lawns. Zoysia Japonica: Japanese Lawngrass. Emerald combines the fine texture of Zoysia tenuifolia with the cold tolerance of Zoysia japonica. [9] Although it is tolerant to freezing temperatures, it does lose its bright green color, turning brown after frost. Zoysia japonica, more commonly known as Japanese or Korean lawn grass, was introduced to the United States in 1895—a bit earlier than Manila grass. Washington, DC. Treatment should be planned for early spring or late fall. Will not grow in heavy shade. This type of grass is particularly advantageous for golf courses, due to its low need for water and mowing, and high tolerance to cold. Disadvantages include straw-colored appearance from mid-fall to mid-spring (goes dormant in cold weather), slow rate of spread, tendency to spread into adjacent property and inclination to produce heavy thatch. Zoysia lawns may be established vegetatively by sod, sprigs or plugs. Japanese lawngrass is the only type of zoysia that you can grow from seed, although most homeowners find that … Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area. Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. An adventitious root systemgrounds the grass. Abstract. [7], Although Z. japonica is one of the only Zoysia species that can be seeded, it has a lengthy germination rate of at least a month, so vegetative planting is the primary form of cultivation. White grubs are the most common insect problem. It's so dense, few lawn weeds penetrate established Zoysia lawns. Fertilize moderately during the growing season (May to July). Because this type of grass has such a slow growth rate, it is important to properly prepare the seedbed ahead of time. Zoysiagrass, (genus Zoysia), also spelled zoysia grass, genus of creeping grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising four or five perennial species. It’s actually the only zoysia grass species that can be established from seed. Zoysia Japonica originates and is native to the coastal grasslands of South East Asia. Zoysia japonica Steud (Japanese grass) presents a great potential for Mediterrenean and transition zones with its superior turf characteristics, shade tolerance, low maintanence requirement. The two most popular zoysiagrass species are Zoysia japonica and Zoysia sinica. [2] In the United States, it is cultivated south of Connecticut, along the Atlantic Coast, and along the Gulf Coast to Texas. Geo Zoysia was bred from a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. It has a finer leaf than Zoysia japonica, but it’s also less cold-tolerant and grows slower. Zoysia japonica is the only Zoysia species with seed that’s available commercially (in the U.S., anyway). When exposed t… Whether you are sod shopping and wondering whether zoysiagrass is the best pick for your yard or already have a zoysia lawn and are looking to take better care of it, this blog is filled with useful zoysiagrass information. Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. [5] Z. japonica is nearly resistant to disease, yet is subject to insect attack from white grubs. Known in past years by names such as Manilla Grass and Temple Grass, and other names – which all seem to sound like ornamental names, rather than … Interpretation  Zoysia japonica. Zoysia japonica. Zoysia is a warm season grass. Zoysia japonica is a light green color, Perennial growing grass whose height can go up to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). [10], Upkeep of Z. japonica varies based on uses, in general requiring a moderate level of nitrogen fertilizer to keep its density. [11], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zoysia_japonica&oldid=987085725, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 20:43. They are excellent cover for flat sandy open areas and are widely used as lawn grasses.. Zoysia species are low sod-forming grasses and spread … It is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. It is the recommended zoysia cultivar for the Midwest transition area (includes St. Louis). Empire lawn requires less watering and mowing. Most common varieties include: Empire Compadre Zenith Zoyboy Palisades. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. It’s wear-tolerant, as well. Tolerates some light shade, but turf becomes thinner as the amount of shade increases. Zorro zoysia grass – Soft and fine-bladed leaf structure. [2][3] It is native to the coastal grasslands of southeast Asia and Indonesia. Zoysia Empire (Japonica hybrid) It has a dark-green, medium-width and relatively fine leaf. Blades may technically grow to 9" long, but are typically mowed to 1-2" tall.Genus name honors Karl von Zoys (1756-1800), Austrian botanist.Specific epithet means of Japan. Zoysia Grass have a relatively fine leaf up to 5mm wide and 40-50mm long which is soft to touch. USDA Plant Characteristics. The flowers are grouped in brown inflorescences, and sprout in spring. [5][6], Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. Zoysia Japonica. Characteristics: Compadre Zoysia Grass: Medium to medium beautiful textured foliage: El Toro Zoysia Grass: Medium-bladed leaf texture: Emerald Zoysia Grass: Soft-textured thin-bladed leaf: Empire Zoysia Grass: a leaf blade with a medium-width: Japonica Zoysia Grass: A coarse fabric with a vertical leaf blade Meyer Zoysia Grass Zoysia japonica is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). [3] Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. It received its first import from the Chinese region of Manchuria. It was selected from a population of plants grown from seed by the U.S.D.A. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 'Meyer' zoysia forms a dense, bluegrass-like lawn which tolerates foot traffic well and excludes many common weeds. In Australia, it is cultivated along the northeastern coastline. Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus. Zoysia japonic… Zoysia matrella is often called Manilagrass (it was introduced to the U.S. from Manila). They are coarse, and have the ability to spread fast. Learn about all the different key characteristics and traits about zoysiagrass. Family Name: Poaceae (Gramineae) Synonyms: Acroceras japonica: Common Name: Japanese Lawn Grass, Korean Lawn Grass, Korean Grass, Zoysia: Explore more topics. [4] The United States was first introduced to Z. japonica in 1895. Characteristics of Zoysia Grass: A warm-season grass that grows best between 80 and 90 degrees. Zoysia tenuifolia is the finest textured, least winter hardy of the three zoysia species. in 1941. This grass goes dormant after fall frost and remains tan/brown throughout winter. Chase). Characteristically, it maintains a good winter colour and “fights back” weeds, once established. Spreads by rhizomes and stolons. Image – Wikimedia / bastus917. Will stay green all year in warm climates. Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species, but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. Noteworthy Characteristics. When compared to other Zoysia grass types, Z. japonica is faster growing and more cold tolerant. Landscapers use Z. japonica as a buffer around flower beds or sand pits to keep invasive species out. This has been widely observed on the island of Kinkasan in northeastern Japan. EMPIRE™ is good in the shade and keeps a good winter colour and […] Japonica’s have been introduced and used as a popular choice for home lawns and public areas around the world. Characteristics of Zoysia Grass It may be an unusual lawn name, and in fact the name has been changed many times over the years. Zoysia japonica Steud. Key Characteristics. – Korean lawngrass Subordinate Taxa. Greens up early in the spring. Zenith, introduced to the trade in 1990, is one such Zoysia selection. Japonica zoysia grass – Vertical leaf blade with a coarse structure. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. While most of us would like to dig it all up and replace it with real plants -- flowers and shrubs and the like -- we recognize that without a garden staff to maintain the planting we best control our impulses. The leaves of this grass are coarse in texture and are a light green in color. The genus Zoysia is one of the most salt and cold tolerant C 4 grass species among the family Poaceae. Geo TM Zoysia is a fine-bladed type of zoysia grass with a deep green color that brings high curb appeal to the homeowner. Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Emerald Zoysia is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. It is also used for home lawns, parks, schoolyards, and athletic fields. 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